Vivaldi’s newly published Opus 3, L’estro armonico.1 The chart to the right shows the extant concerto transcriptions made by Bach; there are 23 transcriptions from 21 originals.2 Bach was not alone in mak-ing concerto transcriptions; from Johann Gottfried Walther, his colleague in Wei-mar, we have 14 surviving transcriptions.3 In Great Britain, France and particularly his native Italy, musical taste turned against him and, when he was remembered, it was just through salacious anecdote. 3 No. 3, RV 310, by Antonio Vivaldi. These works are the most elaborate of Bach’s transcriptions, and they were based on outstanding originals available to Bach in an authoritative published edition. The first documented evidence of Bach's engagement with the concerto genre can be dated to around 1709, during his second period in Weimar, when he made a hand copy of the continuo part of Albinoni's Sinfonie e concerti a 5, Op. Vivaldi's violin concertos, which had just been published, gave him the guidance he needed. 1, containing twelve concerti à cinque, was published in 1708. Bach was considered an incomparable organist whose improvisations were celebrated beyond German borders. Bach: Italian Transcriptions TRACKS NOTES PERFORMERS CREDITS CD ITUNES SPOTIFY Concerto in A Minor for Four Harpsichords, BWV 1065 (9:50) transcription of Vivaldi: Concerto in B Minor for Four Violins, Op. 3 No. About Us; Chandos Records is one of the world's premier classical music record companies, best known for its ground breaking search for neglected musical gems. 3 No. A talented amateur musician, from an early age Prince Johann Ernst had been taught the violin by the court violinist Gregor Christoph Eilenstein. 9 (Violin Concerto in D major, RV 230): Concerto in D major, BWV 972, and earlier version BWV 972a, After Vivaldi's Op. Vivaldi*, Orchestre "Pro Arte" De Munich*, Kurt Redel, Pierre Cochereau - Vivaldi A Notre-Dame - Quatre Concertos Pour Orgue Et Orchestre - Transcriptions De J.S.Bach … Bach, Johann Sebastian : Largo in d minor from Concerto BWV 975 - Organ transcription (after Concerto RV 316 by Antonio Vivaldi) Organ solo / Intermediate / 1 … After the Violin Concerto in C major by Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe–Weimar (like BWV 595). In the often quoted passage from his biography, Forkel wrote:. The Organ Concerto No 5, in D minor, was written between 1713 and 1714, while Bach served as court organist in Weimar (1708--1717). Later versions of some of these concertos by Vivaldi were published in his Op. Most of these transcriptions were based on concertos by Antonio Vivaldi, but there are also works by Alessandro Marcello, Benedetto Marcello, Georg Philipp Telemann, and the musically talented Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar. Johann Sebastian Bach. The meteoric success of Vivaldi in the early eighteenth century was matched by his descent into almost complete oblivion soon after his death in 1741. Bach based his transcription of Marcello's oboe concerto on a lost manuscript that was circulating before the concerto was published in 1717. Wilhelm Ernst's Lutheran piety contrasted with his younger brother's alcoholism. 3 provide the best avenue for this study. Vivaldi is recognised as one of the greatest Baroque composers, and his influence during his lifetime was widespread over Europe. Largo (2:10)" ? He was thus led to study their structure, the musical ideas on which they are built, the pattern of their modulations, and many other characteristics. For arrangements, new editions, etc. 8, RV 299): Concerto in G major, BWV 973 (harpsichord), After Vivaldi's Violin Concerto in D minor, RV 813 (formerly RV Anh. Bach's concerto transcriptions reflect not only his general interest in and assimilation of musical forms originating in Italy, in particular the concertos of his Venetian contemporary Antonio Vivaldi, but also the particular circumstances of his second period of employment 1708–1717 at the court in Weimar. And I'm sure it's very meaningful -- the three styles involve different, prime facie incompatible, political ideas. 3 No. The second concerto in that collection, in E minor, had a violino principale in its first two movements. The remaining organ transcriptions come from copies made in Leipzig by Bach's family and circle: these include his eldest son Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, whose organ repertoire included the transcriptions; his pupil Johann Friedrich Agricola; and Johann Peter Kellner. At the same time, Bach's cousin Walther also made a series of organ transcriptions of Italian concertos: in his autobiography, Walther mentions 78 such transcriptions; but of these only 14 survive, of concertos by Albinoni, Giorgio Gentili, Giulio Taglietti, Telemann, Torelli and Vivaldi. Evidently he was fascinated with it, he wrote various pieces in which there's an explicit mention of the "italian style" in the titles (like the "Italian Concerto for harpsichord", for example; the original name is "Concerto after the Italian taste"). Asking for permission to stay longer in Weimar, he states that Prince Johann Ernst. 4: Concerto in D minor, BWV 987, BWV 595: organ version (first movement only), Federico Maria Sardelli. While this could be true for the simpler harpsichord transcriptions, some of the more virtuosic organ transcriptions could date from later, possible composed as a memorial to the prince, after his untimely death. , Schulze (1972) harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFSchulze1972 (help) has given the following explanation for the transcriptions:. ... and virtuoso violinist. After Vivaldi's Op. One interesting thing about JSB is that his music sometimes integrates French, German and Italian styles. These include all the transcriptions of the Venetian concertos (those by Vivaldi and the Marcello brothers). See more Transcriptions of Concertos by Vivaldi 0095115... Email to friends Share on Facebook - opens in a new window or tab Share on Twitter - opens in a new window or tab Share on Pinterest - opens in a new window or tab. 11 (Concerto in D minor for two violins, cello and strings, RV 565): Concerto in D minor, BWV 596, After Vivaldi's Op. In 1709 the virtuoso violinist Johann Georg Pisendel visited Weimar: he had studied with Torelli and is likely to have acquainted Bach with more of the Italian concerto repertoire. Johann Ernst studied the keyboard with Bach's distant cousin Johann Gottfried Walther, after he became organist at the Stadtkirche in Weimar in 1707. The markings are also significant for what they show about performance practise at that time: during the course of a single piece, hands could switch manuals and organ stops could be changed.. Transcription has formed an integral part of musical development across the centuries. 7 No. During his first brief period in Weimar in 1703 Bach was employed as a court violinist for seven months by Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, who ruled jointly with his elder brother Wilhelm Ernst, Duke of Saxe-Weimar. Bach admired Vivaldi, and the "italian style" in general. Peters in the 1850s and by Breitkopf & Härtel in the 1890s played a decisive role in the Vivaldi revival of the twentieth century. It is possible that this could have led to Johann Ernst to suggest similar concerto transcriptions to Bach and Walther. Artist: Sophie Yates Title: Bach: Transcriptions of Concertos by Vivaldi Year Of Release: 2013 Label: Chandos Genre: Classical Quality: FLAC (image + .cue, log, booklet) Total Time: 76:26 min Total Size: 508 MB WebSite: Album Preview - Italian organist Daniele Boccaccio wrote these transcriptions of Bach’s violin concertos out of deep love for the music, and a deep love and understanding of his own instrument, the result being a highly original, fresh, transparent and vibrant interpretation of these well known masterpieces. 3 No. After Violin Concerto in G minor, RV 316, by Antonio Vivaldi. Bach's transcriptions for harpsichord of a number of Italian and other concertos date from his years in Weimar, probably 1713-1714. Telemann's concerto for solo violin, TWV 51:g1, transcribed by Bach for harpsichord as BWV 985, comes from the same series of Eisenach concertos as the double violin concerto; moreover, as explained in Zohn (2008), there is evidence that the slow movement of Telemann's oboe concerto TWV 51:G2, also from the series, was borrowed and adapted by Bach for the opening sinfonia of the cantata Ich steh mit einem Fuß im Grabe, BWV 156 and the slow movement of the harpsichord concerto in F minor, BWV 1056, both dating from his period in Leipzig. After Oboe Concerto in D minor by Alessandro Marcello.. "Le opere giovanili di Antonio Vivaldi", pp. The following year, when Bach himself was appointed as organist in Weimar in the ducal chapel or Himmelsburg, he not only had at his disposal the recently renovated chapel organ but also the organ in the Stadtkirche. Sponsored by: Cone Health. Transcription of a concerto by Vivaldi (RV 230) Extra videos. Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar's Op. 1 No. 11; Bach, J S: Concerto in d BWV593, after Vivaldi Op. J.S. Bach abandoned that method of composition when he observed that brilliant flourishes lead nowhere. Bach.org Bach.de (German) Extra Information Arrangement of the Concerto for 2 Violins and Cello in D minor, RV 565, by Antonio Vivaldi. 3 No. Siciliano from Concerto No. JS Bach: The Transcriptions of Concertos by Vivaldi. Their publication by C.F. 11, RV 565. 6 in A minor: II. 6, RV 316a): Concerto in G minor, BWV 975 (harpsichord), After Vivaldi's Violin Concerto in G major (later version published as Op. 3 No. There is an early version of the transcription, BWV 972a. Though ordained a priest in 1703, within a year of being ordained – according to his own account – he no longer wished to celebrate mass because of physical complaints ("tightness of the chest") which pointed to Although Bach served as Concertmaster in Weimar from 1714–1717, when he is presumed to have composed his own instrumental concertos, the only surviving works in Italian concerto-form from this period are his transcriptions of works by other composers. Sophie Yates (harpsichord) for organ solo. "Vivaldi, Antonio -- Violin Concerto No. This concerto movement is a transcription of a composition by Prince Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar. As well as music-making in the Wilhelmsburg, Bach was almost certainly involved in the parallel more secular musical events in the Rotes Schloss organised by August Ernst and Johann Ernst. On Johann Ernst's death in 1707, he was succeeded as coregent by his elder son Ernst August, who lived with his younger stepbrother, Prince Johann Ernst, outside the ducal Wilhelmsburg in the Rotes Schloss. For more information and season tickets, call the Greensboro Symphony Box Office: 336-335-5456 x 224. Bach was Antonio Vivaldi. The publication of Bach's transcriptions has been recognized by Vivaldi scholars as a decisive step in his revival. Telemann also had a documented social connection with Bach: in March 1714 he was godparent at the baptism in Weimar of Bach's second son Carl Phillip Emanuel. A keen amateur violinist, he is likely to have brought or sent back concerto scores from Amsterdam, probably including the collection L'estro armonico, Op.3 of Vivaldi, published there in 1711. 1 No. BWV 985 is a Concerto in G minor for unaccompanied harpsichord, after Georg Philipp Telemann's Violin Concerto in G minor, TWV 51:g1 [scores].. 3 No. Harpsichordist Richard Egarr “Bach didn't just make 'simple' transcriptions, neither in this original solo concerto by Vivaldi. He realised that musical ideas need to be subordinated to a plan and that a young composer's first need is a model to guide his efforts. 4 No. When Bach went to work on the “Vivaldi Transcriptions,” he fully respected the original compositions. The sequence of the concertos in this manuscript is possibly as intended by the composer. - III, "Composition as arrangement and adaptation", "Emulation and Inspiration: J. S. Bach's Transcriptions from Vivaldi's, Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Darmstadt, Violin Concerto in G major (Johann Ernst Prinz von Sachsen-Weimar), Organ Concerto in A minor, BWV 593 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Concerto for 2 Violins in A minor, RV 522 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Organ Concerto in C major, BWV 594 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Organ Concerto in C major, BWV 595 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Violin Concerto in C major (Johann Ernst Prinz von Sachsen-Weimar), Organ Concerto in D minor, BWV 596 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Concerto in D minor, RV 565 (Vivaldi, Antonio), 16 Konzerte nach verschiedenen Meistern, BWV 972–987 (Bach, Johann Sebastian), Violin Concerto in D major, RV 230 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto in G major, RV 299 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Oboe Concerto in D minor, S.Z799 (Marcello, Alessandro), Violin Concerto in G minor, RV 316a (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto in E major, RV 265 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto in G major, RV 310 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto in B-flat major, RV 383a (Vivaldi, Antonio), Violin Concerto, TWV 51:g1 (Telemann, Georg Philipp), 12 Concerti Grossi, Op.1 (Marcello, Benedetto), L'estro armonico, Op.3 (Vivaldi, Antonio), Toccata and Fugue in D minor ("Dorian"), BWV 538, Fantasia and Fugue in G minor ("Great"), BWV 542, Prelude and Fugue in E minor ("Wedge"), BWV 548, Eight Short Preludes and Fugues, BWV 553–560, Toccata, Adagio and Fugue in C major, BWV 564, Prelude (Toccata) and Fugue in E major, BWV 566, Fantasia ("Pièce d'Orgue") in G major, BWV 572, Passacaglia and Fugue in C minor, BWV 582, Canonic Variations on "Vom Himmel hoch da komm' ich her", BWV 769, Capriccio on the departure of a beloved brother, Concerto transcriptions, BWV 592–596 and 972–987, List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, List of fugal works by Johann Sebastian Bach, List of concertos by Johann Sebastian Bach, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Weimar_concerto_transcriptions_(Bach)&oldid=985011729, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template with a url parameter, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 4 and 7: Apart from the concertos after models by Antonio Vivaldi (including one formerly attributed to Torelli), Bach also transcribed concertos by the Venetian brothers Alessandro and Benedetto Marcello. 5 in D minor (after A. Vivaldi), BWV 596: Bach-Beard: Transcription for piano Bach-Lefébure: Gigue from Concerto for solo organ No. Bach and Walther arranged different sets of concertos: Bach favoured the more recent ritornello form, less prevalent in the earlier concertos transcribed by Walther. After Violin Concerto in E major Op. Although in early music the intended instrument was often not specified, but left to the performer, this was often not the case with Bach's music. The precise dating and true authorship was later established from the manuscript: the handwriting and the watermarks in the manuscript paper conform to cantatas known to have been composed by Bach in Weimar in 1714–1715. , Early works like BWV 912a and BWV 967, probably composed before 1707, also display concerto-like elements. Buy CD or download online. This concerto is a transcription of Antonio Vivaldi's double violin concerto, Op. Please follow the links to the project pages to find scores and recordings. Harpsichords were available to Bach at both venues. 1 in D major (after A. Vivaldi), BWV 972; Concerto No. , These transcriptions for organ have been dated to 1713–1714. see (or create) separate pages for individual works linked in the General Information section below. 1 No. 45–78” in, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 12:43. The demands of compositional quantity were great, and the transcription process shortened the length of time necessary to come up with new works or arrangements. Commentators have found Schulze's arguments persuasive, but nevertheless point out that not all the transcriptions need have been made in the period from July 1713 to July 1714 when the Prince was back in Weimar. 1, RV 383a): Concerto in G major, BWV 980 (harpsichord), After Vivaldi's Violin Concerto in G minor, RV 316 (later version published as Op.
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