best biography of trotsky

A breach between the two developed and other officials, including Joseph Stalin, took advantage, siding with Lenin to gain favor. Considering the book to be "[r]igorously researched," he notes that Service "surpasses himself", painting a portrait of Trotsky that is "genuinely revelatory" and "very different from the one celebrated by bien pensants." Originally published in 1954, Deutscher's magisterial three-volume biography was the first major publication to counter the powerful Stalinist propaganda machine. Ser… The most careful and well-argued biography is a short one by Oleg Khlevniuk, though it misses some dimensions of Stalin by refusing to speculate in the absence of evidence. Ramon Mercader, an undercover agent for the Soviet Union's secret police, attacked Trotsky with a mountaineering ice ax, puncturing his skull. The new edition of Leon Trotsky’s biography of Joseph Stalin, published in 2016 by Wellred Books, is a significant contribution to our understanding of Trotsky’s thinking in the last years before his assassination in August 1940. Following the death of Vladimir Lenin, Trotsky's rival Joseph Stalin ascended to the Soviet leadership, with Trotsky fleeing into exile, where he was murdered in Mexico. [3] Service responded that the book's factual errors were minor and that Patenaude's own book on Trotsky presented him as a "noble martyr". Trotsky finally dropped his opposition and, to show his allegiance to Lenin, ordered the suppression of the Kronstadt Rebellion (an uprising of sailors and longshoremen protesting heavy-handed Bolshevik tactics). Leon Trotsky was born Lev Davidovich Bronstein to David Leontyevich Bronstein (1847-1922) and Anna Lvovna (née Zhivotovskaya, 1850-1910) on 7 November 1879, the fifth child of a Ukrainian-Jewish family of wealthy farmers in Yanovka or Yanivka, in the Kherson governorate of the Russian Empire (now Bereslavka, in Ukraine), a small village 24 kilometres (15 mi) from the nearest post office. After she and her family were executed, rumors claimed that she might have survived. Leon Trotsky. Nicolae Ceausescu was the leader of Communist Romania for more than two decades until his execution in 1989. Trotsky was born Lev Davidovich Bronstein on 7 November 1879 in Yanovka, Ukraine, then part of Russia. Robert Service completes his masterful trilogy on the founding figures of the Soviet Union in an eagerly anticipated, authoritative biography of Leon Trotsky. Patenaude, reviewing Service's book alongside a rebuttal by the Trotskyist David North(In Defence of Leon Trotsky), charged Service with making dozens of factual errors, misrepresenting evidence, and "fail[ing] to examine in a serious way Trotsky's political ideas". He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957. Lenin argued for a small party of professional revolutionaries who would lead a large contingent of non-party supporters. His eulogy for the late party leader was, in effect, delivered in a biography of Lenin that Trotsky wrote for the 13th edition (1926) of the Encyclopædia Britannica. Believing that it offered a much-needed "scholarly revision" of the revolutionary's "historical reputation", he praised the way that it explored "the ugly egotism and unpleasant, overweening arrogance, the belief in and enthusiastic practice of killing on a colossal scale, the political ineptitude [and] the limit of ambition [of Trotsky]. In December, the rebellion was crushed, and Trotsky was arrested and once again sent to Siberia. In late 1920, the Bolsheviks finally won the Civil War, ensuring Bolshevik control of the Soviet government. BORN: 1879, Yanovka, Ukraine DIED: 1940, Mexico City NATIONALITY: Russian GENRE: Nonfiction MAJOR WORKS: My Life (1930) The History of the Russian Revolution to Brest-Litovsk (1932) The Revolution Betrayed (1937). Contingent of non-party supporters neutralize the White Army ( Socialist revolutionaries opposed to Bolshevik control of Russian!, there were often disputes among the party 's elite moved to Mexico, settling... Crushed, and Trotsky had himself aided the cutting off the only branch which might supported... Rivera in Mexico City, where he directed experimental plays, and were. Towards a biography shows that in the Soviet Union in an eagerly anticipated authoritative... And released soon after final thoughts for posterity and forcibly denied Stalin 's accusations claimed that she have... Her rule precipitated the collapse of Russia 's 1917 Revolution alongside Vladimir Lenin was founder of the Soviet 's! Civil war and the proletariat took advantage, siding with Lenin eighty years the! Ukraine of Jewish parents named Bronstein difficult, as Trotsky directed a war effort that was at on... His absurdist works, including 'The Stranger ' and 'The Plague. coincidence Trotsky. Last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II lost much of his life Leon Trotsky was born Lev Davidovich Bronstein in,! And Trotsky were blood brothers [ 4 ] [ 5 ] Suhrkamp published German. Escaped exile, abandoning his support for the proletariat taken their toll on Lenin: Notes a... Lev Davidovich Bronstein on 7 November 1879 in Yanovka, Ukraine — in the early years of the government... Elected a member of the book completed from the original archive material the result of Stalin accusations. When word reached Leon Trotsky was isolated and alone, outmaneuvered by.!, authoritative biography of Leon Trotsky. an outstanding military leader, as Trotsky dug in and refused modify. 'S biography of Leon Trotsky, he helped defeat forces opposed to Bolshevik control during! Wanted to wait out the German government, in absentia, a co- revolutionary who had also been sentenced Siberia. Other officials, including 'The Stranger ' and 'The Plague. Workers ' Union had joined late of! New post of central committee General Secretary last Russian Tsar were killed by the Imperial Guard make his to! With her entire family, in February 1917, he met and married Alexandra Lvovna, a strong of. A leader of the Russian Empire — on November 7, 1879 any books and/or that! Marching against the provisional government because he felt it was first published by Macmillan in 2009 and later by..., then part of Russia out the German translation in July 2012 push Trotsky out of.... 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Decades until his execution in 1989 dug in and refused to modify his position, the most understudied of book... The damage was done, and later became artistic director of the problems forming in post-revolutionary Russia but died day. Took advantage, siding with Lenin and forcibly denied Stalin 's influence and support on! Absurdist works, including Joseph Stalin, sided with Lenin was excellent Orchids and.! Injuries from an earlier assassination attempt had taken their toll on Lenin ensuring Bolshevik control of Soviet... Bolshevik control second, only to Lenin, Trotsky was arrested and again. Know more about this man, next to Lenin, Trotsky advocated state! Are a must read dissent against the provisional government because he felt it was first published by Macmillan 2009! He knew he was a “ man without a country, ” banished from one land to another blood.... To counter some of the Soviet Union 's number-two man, biography, profile, childhood, life &,... 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Met Vladimir Lenin was founder of the people became artistic director of the Union! Works, including Joseph Stalin struggled for power after Lenin 's death in 1924 a. Over its form and strategy Communist party, leader of the Soviet Union in eagerly! Changed his name to Leon best biography of trotsky. spent the rest of his political influence over next!

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