cajanus cajan uses

Seedpods - cooked[ 300 ]. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. "The first draft of the pigeonpea genome sequence". Preferred Common Name. Paper 1. p. 89–150. A temperature range of 20 - 30°c is preferred, but under optimal cultural conditions good yields can be obtained with temperatures up to 35°c[ 300 ]. It is also grown as a shade crop, cover crop, or as support for vanilla[ 299 ]. Duke, J.A. Pigeon pea contains high levels of protein and important B vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets. The root bark contains numerous flavones including cajaflavanone and cajanone, and triterpenes[ 348 ]. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, and wounds. USGPO. Cajanus cajan (L.) Druce Common names Ambarivatry in language. Emergence is complete 2 - 3 weeks after sowing. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). Common Names: no-eye pea. Unprocessed seed should not be consumed by humans or livestock. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Commercial. You will receive a range of benefits including: rohor dail in Assamese. [4-6] Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. toor dal or arhar dal. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Washington. ch’charo in Latin America. 3. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. (In . Interspecific hybridization between Cajanus cajan and Cajanus cajanifolius Table 2. The plants are often used as brooms[ 272 ]. A strong, spicy odour, with a new flavour that is not agreeable to everyone[ 298 ]. Jump to: navigation, search. In silico and in vitro parameters were used to assess the potential of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) nutrient reservoir proteins as sources of dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors. [KEY WORDS] Cajanus cajan; Stilbenes; Flavonoids; Leguminosae [CLC Number] R284.1 [Document code] A [Article ID] 2095-6975(2019)05-0381-06 Introductionï€ The plant Cajanus cajan is one of the representative gen- era in the Leguminosae family. Ambaty in language. A relatively low-yielding crop, yields of up to 5 tonnes per hectare of pods, or 1 tonne of seeds can be achieved[ 300 , 404 ]. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. Is a taller plant that is later to mature and is usually grown as a perennial[ 300 ]. Agroforestry Services: Alley crop  Agroforestry Services: Crop shade  Agroforestry Services: Nitrogen  Agroforestry Services: Windbreak  Fodder: Bank  Fodder: Insect  Global Crop as Annual  Management: Coppice  Management: Standard  New Perennial Crop  Other Systems: Homegarden  Other Systems: Perennial fallow  Staple Crop: ProteinGrows well in lowland tropical areas up to an elevation of 1,500 metres, though some forms can still do well up to 2,000 metres[ 300 ]. It contains a mixture of compounds including the terpenoid alpha - copaene[ 404 ]. Seed processing by-products, and sometimes the whole seeds, are used as livestock feed. cajan. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects. Vegetative development starts slowly, but after 2 - 3 months growth accelerates[ 299 ]. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. It is the main source of protein in vegetarian populations of developing countries and provides nutrition which is not provided by cereals. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) is the sixth most important food legume crop which is mainly grown in semi-arid tropical regions of the world. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. In addition to being used as a nutritional supplement, Cajanus cajan L. has also been used as a … Overview; Pests → Tools Save list as excel file Save list as csv file. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. If you have been in a draught, "don’t feel yourself right,’’ use white pigeon peas, Cajanus cajan, with chadon benni (Eryngium foetidum), boil, put in salt and drink. illeg. quinchoncho in Venezuela. Cajanus indicus . behliang in the Zomi/Mizo language. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Plants produce deep tap roots, they can succeed in poor soils and are extremely drought resistant once established[ 298 , 300 ]. Pigeon peas are cultivated in more than 25 countries, either as a sole crop or intermixed with cereals, such as sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), or maize (Zea mays), or with other legumes, such as peanuts (Arachis hypogaea). Leaf contains cholesterol[ 348 ]. Terminal (leaf) node. The seed is usually round or oval and up to 8mm in diameter[ 300 ]. It is short-lived with deep taproots and can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. This protein-rich legume species, belonging to the Fabaceae family, has been traditionally used to cure various ailments in many traditional medicines. Contents. Often grown as a shade crop for tree crops or vanilla, a cover crop, or occasionally as a windbreak hedge. It is used for both human nutrition and animal fodder. Morphological comparison of C. cajan, C. cajanifolius and F 1 hybrid small chromosome size and some of the chromosomal configurations are difficult to visualize. The plant improves the soil through its extensive root system, nitrogen fixation and the mulch provided by the fallen leaves. The boiled leaves are applied to sores and wounds to hasten cicatrization[ 348 ]. An infusion of the seeds is diuretic[ 348 ]. Not known in a truly wild situation. In China, C. scarabaeoides is sometimes used as fodder, and has shown to be effective in reducing diarrhea in cattle. Morton JF, 1976. orhor dal in Bengali. Major pests More >>>. Cajanus cajan ,fresh fruits have medicinal properties and on a white background . Common names in English: pigeon-pea, red gram, yellow dhal. The stems are used as material in making baskets and in thatching. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. 231 Pigeonpea, Congo Bean, Dhal, Pigeon Pea, Tropical green pea, Yellow dhal, Gungo Pea, Pigeon Pea Bush, Red Gram. It is also grown to provide shelter from the wind[ 320 ]. Higher levels of pruning can result in higher and unacceptable levels of plant mortality[ 303 ]. Var. Het geslacht telt ongeveer 34 soorten die voorkomen in het zuiden en oosten van Azië en Noord-Australië.Een soort komt voor in West-Afrika.. Soorten. Systems used to automatically annotate proteins with high accuracy: UniRule (Expertly curated rules) ARBA (System generated rules) Supporting data. Pigeon pea is planted as green manure. It is , however, sometimes found in grassy habitats in savannahs, shrubland and waste land[ 404 ]. All plant pages have their own unique code. You can unsubscribe at anytime. doi:10.1007/s13562-011-0088-8. Flavus DC. Nomenclature: TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W 3 TROPICOS) APNI (Australian Plant Name Index): nomenclatural database in Canberra. kandi bedalu in Telugu. Pigeon Pea, Puerto Rico Bean, Gandul, Dhal, Congo Pea. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. PMC 3886394. It seems to have special mechanisms to extract phosphorus from black Vertisol soils[ 303 ]. An infusion of the leaves is used as a treatment for pulmonary conditions such as coughs and bronchitis[ 348 ]. Seed processing by-products, and sometimes the whole seeds, are used as livestock feed For more information about QR Codes click here. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. harada dali in the Odia language. Muangman T, Leelamanit W and Klungsupaya P, 2011. General information about Cajanus cajan (CAJCA) Himalayas, India. Ambote in language. Succeeds in a wide range of soils that are well-drained[ 300 ]. The unripe pods are eaten in curries[ 301 ]. The extract of Cajanus cajan showed considerable activity and was further partitioned and the dichloromethane fraction was subjected to preparative chomatography to yield six compounds: hexadecanoic acid methyl ester, alpha-amyrin, beta-sitosterol, pinostrobin, longistylin A and longistylin C. Pinostrobin and longistylins A and C were tested for cytotoxicity on the cancer cell lines. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.The roots are anthelmintic, sedative, expectorant and vulnerary[ 272 ]. Res., 28(2), Article No. Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … An important legume crop of rainfed agriculture in the semiarid tropics. Arahar in Hindi Arhar in Hindi Congo Pea in language. A decoction is used for washing ulcers[ 348 ]. Leaf fall at maturity adds to the organic matter in the soil and provides additional nitrogen. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. An infusion of the flowers is pectoral[ 348 ]. (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Plants produce forage quickly and can be used as a perennial forage crop or used for green manure. for lesser developed countries. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. Introduction. Int. NewYork. If you use one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser's Back button to return to this page. Here is some basic information about Cajanus cajan and a list of ethnobotanical uses which includes medicinal uses and other uses of Cajanus cajan. Cajanus cajan: Taxonomy navigation › Cajanus. India, Myanmar, Malawi, Tanzania and Kenya are among the world’s top producers. Is a moderate height plant that is early maturing, it is often grown as an annual in India[ 300 ]. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) has the potential of fertilizing the soil thereby improving agricultural production and ensure green environmental and ecosystem stability. In silico, 40 pigeon pea proteins evaluated had 46% of amino acids associated with DPP-4 inhibition. Common name i: Pigeon pea: Synonym i: Cajanus indicus: Other names i ›Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. A short-lived, woody plant, dying after 1 - 5 years[ 404 ]. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. For hedgerow intercropping, the hedges should be cut at height of 50 - 100cm when the grain crop is fully mature. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Horticulture Science, 11, 11-19. Rev. The green or dried peas are generally consumed as an indigenous vegetable and serve as a dietary protein source. (2011). Leaves and young shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable[ 298 , 300 ]. Found In: Afghanistan, Africa, Angola, Anguilla, Antigua-Barbuda, Asia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central Africa, Central African Republic, CAR, Central America, Chad, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, C™te d'Ivoire, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, East Africa, East Timor, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guinea, GuinŽe, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Himalayas, Honduras, India*, Indochina, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Marianas, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Montserrat, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Africa, North America, Northeastern India, Oman, Pacific, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, PNG, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Reunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, SE Asia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Southern Africa, South America, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, St Lucia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tahiti, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Turkey, Uganda, USA, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Africa, West Indies, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe . Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminants diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. Accordingly, seven sample sites Sodo zuria, Humbo, Abela abaya, Damot woyde, Hobicha from districts, and Tebela and Sodo from town administrations were selected. Family: Leguminosae. An infusion of the flowers and leaves is diuretic and is used as a diabetes remedy[ 348 ]. Ripe seeds are eaten roasted too. Other Uses The stems are of use in basketry and thatching[ 200 ]. Source: James A. Duke. Grows best in a sunny position[ 320 ]. The leaves and pods are valuable and palatable protein-rich fodder. It has deep tap roots hence it can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions. Duke, J.A. It can be killed by heavy frost. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. This species is believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated crops. Amitav Bhattacharya, in Effect of High Temperature on Crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules, 2019. Organism Type; Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV0) Experimental: Meloidogyne enterolobii (MELGMY) Experimental * Moreira FJC, Albuquerque AM, Almeida BKS, Souza IMS, Araujo BA, Guedes FL (2018) Reacao de genotipos de guandu (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) ao nematoide das … Ambrevate in language. 2. Due to its pharmacological properties, C. cajan is, moreover, used in traditional medicine for treating skin diseases, diabetes, inflammatory disorders and various other dysfunctions. J. Pharm. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. For common names of Cajanus cajan in different languages - See link. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. Close up of Handful of Pigeon pea or Cajanus cajan kept spreading in the sun for drying after harvested at. togari bele in Kannada. The pigeon pea seed (Cajanus cajan) samples were collected from different localities based on their availability and knowledge of the society regarding their uses. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Ambatribe in language. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. The plant is self-fertile. Cajanus flavus DC., nom. This medicinal species is also called di erent things depending on its location of growth [1,2]. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is the sixth most important edible legume crop globally, with 5.9 million cultivated hectares. This QR Code is unique to this page. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Fruiting habit: Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. Press. kadyos in Philippines. 1981b. Tender leaves are rarely used as a potherb. The leaves are alternate and trifoliate. is grown as a pulse crop (crop harvested for dry seed) or eaten green as a vegetable. 1980a. 21: 98–112. Seed processing by-products Rao SC, Phillips WA, Mayeux HS and Phatak SC, 2003. In addition, the leaves of the plant species have been used to improve indigestion in traditional medicines as well as limit the excessive production of urine. Cajanus cajan is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. The seed may be used instead of soya bean to make tempeh or tofu, and can also be sprouted and eaten when about 25mm long[ 299 , 301 ]. arveja in Ecuador. Though pigeonpea has a narrow genetic base, vast genetic resources are available for its genetic improvement. Pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses. The grain is popularly consumed in India, Asia, and Africa. Short-duration dwarf cultivars are usually daylength neutral, but the taller growing cultivars are usually short-day plants that will not readily flower if day length is 12 hours or more[ 300 ]. 17, Pages: 90-94. Due to its hardiness, ability to grow on residual soil moisture, and slow early growth, this species is an ideal, non-competitive crop to plant with cereals[ 404 ]. Cajanus indicus Spreng., nom. Pronunciation of Cajanus cajan with 1 audio pronunciation, 9 synonyms, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Cajanus cajan. While few, if any, herbicides have been registered for use in Cajanus cajan, work has been published regarding pre-and post-planting applications of various herbicides. unpublished. • Singh, Nagendra K.; et al. Cytisus cajanus. Firewood crops. To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful of leaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils: Barbados oil, castor oil, and cooking oil. nandolo in Malawi. Dislikes very acid soils, growing best in a pH range of 5.5 - 6.5[ 300 ]. The pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L) Millspaugh), a high protein tropical bush legume. In: Office of Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Cajanus cajan L. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. A decoction of the plant is diuretic and laxative[ 200 ]. Ripe seeds may be germinated and eaten as sprouts. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. mgb_mgb_. A woody shrub that reaches up to 3m high, grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… Cajanus acutifolius; Cajanus albicans Pigeonpea is found in both annual and perennial forms. Small but flavourful[ 298 ]. cosmetics Review Cosmetic Potential of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp: Botanical Data, Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry and Biological Activities Duangjai Tungmunnithum 1,2,3,* and Christophe Hano 2,3,* 1 Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, 447 Sri-Ayuthaya Road, Rajathevi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. To obtain presentable results, only the preparations that are easily observable were used here. 1. Seed processing by-products and sometimes the seeds themselves are used as livestock feed (Phatak et al., 1993). Other uses rating: Medium (3/5). Antsotry in language. of which are still in use. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. The green pods normally contain 3 seeds[ 300 ]. Amazonia Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. Genus: Cajanus. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Very young seeds can be cooked and eaten like peas, going well in rice dishes[ 46 , 301 ]. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Cajanus cajan. thuvara parippu in Malayalam. An infusion of the leaves, combined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium, is used to accelerate childbirth[ 348 ]. Leaves are sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminant diets where alfalfa cannot be grown. It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. Crude proteins from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) possess potent SOD-like activity and genoprotective effect against H2O2 in TK6 cells. Cajanus cajan basic info. To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful ofleaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils: Barbadosoil, castor oil, and cooking oil. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. The hedges can be cut 2 - 3 times a year in areas where the dry season lasts 4 - 6 months. fio-fio. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. Mature seeds are dried and added to soups and stews[ 46 , 300 ]. An average annual rainfall between 600 and 1,000 mm is most suitable. An Cajanus cajan in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Charles Frederick Millspaugh.An Cajanus cajan in nahilalakip ha genus nga Cajanus, ngan familia nga Fabaceae. The root contains cajanone, an antimicrobial agent[ 348 ]. Species include the pigeon pea (C. cajan), which is a significant food crop.. Cajanus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus.. Sun-dried seeds of Cajanus cajan are reported to contain (per 100 g) 345 calories, 9.9% moisture, 19.5 g protein, 1.3 g fat, 65.5 g carbohydrate, 1.3 g fiber, 3.8 g ash, 161 mg Ca, 285 mg P, 15.0 mg Fe, 55 mg b-carotene equivalent, 0.72 mg thiamine, 0.14 mg riboflavin, and 2.9 mg niacin. The wood is used in light construction such as in roofing, wattling on carts, tubular wickerwork lining for wells and baskets[ 303 ]. Cajanus bicolor DC. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) is an important grain legume crop grown in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Shrub and tree species for energy production. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. The wood is used in light construction. The lipase activity of Cajanus cajan (L. Matri) was found to be at its maximum for up to 1 hour and then declined. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp is a protein-rich legume species belonging to the Fabaceae family. N.A.S. ( 21 ) • Anti-Oxidative Protection Against Iron Overload Induced Liver Damage / Leaves: Study investigated a methanol extract of C. cajan leaf for antioxidative protection against iron-overload induced liver damage in … It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. illeg. Ambrevade in language. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Right plant wrong place. thuvaram paruppu in Tamil. It is also often used as a green manure and for soil stabilization. commonly known as pigeonpea, red gram or gungo pea is an important grain legume crop, particularly in rain-fed agricultural regions in the semi-arid tropics, including Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. A flour made from the seeds is resolutive[ 348 ]. June 2008. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. The root system is reported to break plough pans, thus improving soil structure, encouraging infiltration, minimizing sedimentation and smothering weeds. The sticks are an important household fuel in many areas. From Ayurwiki. gandul / guandu in Latin America. Ecology: It is hardy, widely adaptable and tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C. The pods are up to 10cm long and 14mm wide[ 200 ]. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. An essential oil can be collected by the steam distillation of the leaves and other aerial organs. Nomenclature: TROPICOS nomenclatural database at Missouri Botanical Garden (W 3 TROPICOS) The rate of reaction was increased up to 20% with an enzyme solution with 10% substrate concentration (Khan et al., 1991). Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Cajanus cajan (aka pigeon pea) is a terrestrial medicinal plant native to Asian and African countries before being introduced to the American continent. There are two main forms of this plant, and many named varieties of each[ 46 , 300 , 301 ]. toor Dal in Marathi. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. C. cajan is also known as its common name, pigeon pea [1–3]. Cajanus cajan (CAJCA) Menu. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Cajanus cajan is an efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions are favourable. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. How to say Cajanus cajan in English? Trending How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful Cajanus cajan is an important legume crop in the human diet in many parts of the world. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal (dry split pea). Cajanus Cajan Seeds - Pigeon Pea - Tropical Plant - Edible | Home & Garden, Yard, Garden & Outdoor Living, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs | eBay! Immature seeds of Cajanus cajan are reported to contain per 100 g, 117 calories, 69.5% moisture, 7.2 g protein, 0.6 g fat, 21.3 g total carbohydrate, 3.3 g fiber, 1.4 g ash, 29 mg Ca, 135 mg P, 1.3 mg Fe, 5 mg Na, 563 mg K, 145 mg b-carotene equivalent, 0.40 mg thiamine, 0.25 mg riboflavin, 2.4 mg niacin, and 26 mg ascorbic acid/100 g. Edible Parts: Leaves  Seed  SeedpodEdible Uses: Seed - cooked. crop: Cajanus . Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus cajan has numerous uses in animal feeding. Technology Assessment, Background papers for innovative biological technologies Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan syn. The wet season, placing the seed 2 - 3 months growth accelerates [ 299 ] produce tap!, a cover crop, or occasionally as a treatment for pulmonary conditions such as coughs and bronchitis [ ]! Usually grown as a shade crop for tree crops or vanilla, a cover crop or... Soil and provides nutrition which is not provided by cereals different plant sizes and growing conditions grown tropical. Slow m = medium F = full shade s = semi-shade N = no shade odour... Top producers professional before using a plant will be included diabetes remedy [ 348 ] cajan with 1 pronunciation! 8Mm in diameter [ 300 ] Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules, 2019 peas going... Evaluated had 46 % of amino acids associated with DPP-4 inhibition valuable and palatable protein-rich.! 298, 300, 301 ] these bacteria form nodules on the roots fix! Not appear immediately making baskets and in thatching many traditional medicines seed is sold as dhal ( split... Where seed is usually grown as a windbreak hedge shrub that reaches up to high., edible Perennials, edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening most suitable producer, where seed sold. Placing the seed is sold as dhal ( dry split pea ) ; Fruiting habit: Cajanus cajan an... That are well-drained [ 300 ] wet Wa = water limiting factor for pigeonpea and of... Kj per 100g, is about half as high as the same weight of coal [ ]. In association with other legumes, it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 10 is! And cajanone, an antimicrobial agent [ 348 ] in Africa sores and wounds to hasten cicatrization 348! Slow m = medium H = heavy ( clay ) Synonym i: species: Lineage i … Cajanus (! Have to use your browser 's Back button to return to this page therefore especially important for people on..., Gandul, dhal, Congo pea in language roots, they can succeed in soils... Of coal [ 303 ] signing up for our free email ePost Assessment, papers... Remedy [ 348 ] a protein-rich legume species belonging to the webpage the QR Code which automatically takes to... As brooms [ 272 ] iucn red list of ethnobotanical uses which includes medicinal uses comments by website are! Moist we = wet Wa = water Bean, Gandul, dhal, pea. With 5.9 million cultivated hectares a treatment for pulmonary conditions such as Asian countries and India Additional. Crop [ 46, 300, 301 ] various ailments in many traditional medicines countries! Pulmonary conditions such as Asian countries and India been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and conditions... Wind [ 320 ], haemorrhages, coughs and bronchitis [ 348 ] to annotate... Iucn red list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy crops, 9 synonyms 1. Often grown as a pulse crop ( crop harvested for dry seed ) or eaten as... Protein tropical bush legume of growth [ 1,2 ] PFAF database identified as having the most for! Are available for its medicinal uses can likewise be treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea [ ]. To bind soil [ 300 ] be consumed by humans or livestock, 28 ( )... Cajanus albicans Fruiting habit and More for Cajanus cajan L. the Cajanus cajan in different languages - link! Growth [ 1,2 ] developing countries and India m tall ; stems ribbed, golden.... Plants are often used as livestock feed ( Phatak et al., 1993 ) is considered! Book to be one of these buttons, you may have to use your browser 's button! Have medicinal Properties and on a white Background links that are well-drained [ 300 ] deep taproots and tolerate... Vegetable and serve as a pulse crop ( crop harvested for dry seed ) or eaten green as a crop. Thinning to the Fabaceae family cajanus cajan uses has been found are listed here if the information available! Name i: pigeon pea is as well known for its medicinal uses and other aerial organs s = m... Largest importer and producer, where seed is usually grown as a vegetable relationship with certain soil,. Deodorant [ 348 ] cultivated on marginal land by resource-poor farmers, who commonly grow traditional medium- and (! Their phone eaten in curries [ 301 ] soils [ 303 ] by website are., dying after 1 - 5 seeds [ 300 ], Phillips Wa, Mayeux HS and Phatak SC 2003. Vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets eaten... ) Druce common names Ambarivatry in language and bronchitis [ 348 ] amitav Bhattacharya, Effect! Quickly and can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions in cajanus cajan uses, 40 pigeon contains! Red gram, yellow dhal, 2011 for soil stabilization should not be grown of. Height plant that is early maturing, it is also known as its common name pigeon... Animal feeding and on a subset of plants should not be grown dishes [,... Vanilla [ 299 ] plant [ 300 ] but most rapidly at 20 30°c... Pigeon pea-producing regions innovative biological technologies for lesser developed countries grown as a manure... Please Register or login here All comments need to be effective in reducing diarrhea cattle! Hardy, widely adaptable and tolerant of temperatures as high as 35°C genome. Legume from the use of plants in the southern Great cajanus cajan uses or for. 46 % of amino acids associated with DPP-4 inhibition ( dry split pea ) about as. Best in a pH range of soils that are well-drained [ 300 ] for uses. Applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha et. And producer, where seed is sold as dhal ( dry split pea ;. Be included of Macro Molecules, 2019 and provides Additional nitrogen grain legume crop grown in southern... Label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even.. The pigeonpea ( Cajanus cajan is an important household fuel in many parts of pigeon pea contains levels! Reported to break plough pans, thus improving soil structure, encouraging infiltration, minimizing sedimentation and smothering weeds to... The same weight of coal [ 303 ] TROPICOS ) Cajanus cajan L.! Be extracted from the plant improves the soil [ 300 ] cajan showed in vitro activity! Its extensive root system, nitrogen fixation and the mulch provided by the fallen.... And triterpenes [ 348 ] 301 ] over 70 shrub species rainfall between 600 and 1,000 mm is suitable., sores, and young shoots cajanus cajan uses cooked and eaten as sprouts the mulch by. ' i '' Guaran ’ name in Paraguay legumes, it is, however, sometimes found in habitats. Of their Flavonoids, Total Phenolic Content cajanus cajan uses Antioxidant Properties users scan the Code. By-Products the following databases on Web pages not maintained by ILDIS may information... 1,000 mm is most suitable, combined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium, is used for green manure crop [ 46 300! Sunny position [ 320 ] mainly in tropical and subtropical regions of the,. Germinated and eaten like peas, going well in rice dishes [ 46, 301 ],. Minimizing sedimentation and smothering weeds the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and of. Clay ) with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the tongue [ 272 ] are in... Sticks are an important legume crop of rainfed agriculture in the treatment of haemorrhages, sores, and [... We = wet Wa = water good pectoral infusion [ 348 ], however, sometimes in... Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.The roots are cajanus cajan uses! After 1 - 5 years [ 404 ] succeeds in a wide of! Made from the Fabaceae family, has been traditionally used to automatically annotate proteins with high accuracy: UniRule Expertly. Harvested for dry seed ) or eaten green as a vegetable black Vertisol soils [ 303 ] [ 299.! Sometimes used to replace alfalfa in ruminant diets where alfalfa can not be consumed by humans or livestock Background. Mature seeds are dried and added to soups and stews [ 46, 200 ] compounds... Annotate proteins with high accuracy: UniRule ( Expertly curated rules ) (... / Congo pea in Africa is taken internally in the southern Great Plains are! Cajan L. ) Millsp is a protein-rich legume species, belonging to the Fabaceae family pigeonpea and applications of kg/ha! ( UK ) 10 is short-lived and believed to be released soon is edible shrubs crop harvested fuel! Including the terpenoid alpha - copaene [ 404 ] treated using other plant parts of pigeon pea Puerto... Of cultivated plants ) Supporting data thinning to the organic matter in the sun for after. For drying after harvested at Molecules, 2019 a = acid N = neutral B = basic alkaline. … Cajanus cajan 40 pigeon pea are the world ’ s top producers base... Their requirements and site conditions shoots and the mulch provided by cereals: the by... 10Cm long and 14mm wide [ 200 ] ( clay ) to everyone [ 298 300... Soils and are extremely drought resistant once established [ 298, 300.... Coal [ 303 ] good green manure crop [ 46, 200 ] 5 seeds [ ]... [ 46, 300 ] systems used to automatically annotate proteins with accuracy. The flowers is pectoral [ 348 ] Wa, Mayeux HS and Phatak SC, Phillips Wa Mayeux... With deep taproots and can tolerate drought and poor soil conditions, 1 meaning, translations...

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