difference between fact truth and opinion

This is what you get when you 'stimulate discussion.' Fact is supported by evidence and Opinion has no backing of any evidence. Truth Vs. Opinion . For example, I believe that Lincoln was born in 1809. So I urge anyone who’s reading this to know the difference between fact and opinion. A belief, opinion, taste, or preference cannot: corn tastes better than peas; long hair is more attractive than short hair; biking is more fun than swimming, etc. It seems a real stretch of the word "true" to hold that the utterance "The Earth is flat" was at one time true. b. Presenting truth and facts in a way that conveys information honestly is actually rather complex. “I just saw the best movie ever,” he announced to some associates. It can thus be said that a fact is the subset of truth. The claim that beliefs are similarly unverifiable is equally strange, as is the idiosyncratic notion that abandoning a conception of earth as flat instead of spherical amounts to having altered a 'truth,' instead of simply correcting a mistaken belief that was never true. As long as you agree that there is a useful distinction between representation (e.g. (Not that I’m suggesting that you do that, of course!). Facts are hard core and hence they cannot keep constantly changing; a fact remains a fact … That was considered a "fact." It is important to distinguish between fact and opinion because a fact is a truth based on evidence, while an opinion is a view that is not based on checkable evidence. Well a fact and opinion can be both the same. Truth is a proposition that is true (how's that for circular, but usually meaning the proposition accords with reality), independent of opinion or our ability to know that truth. As against this, every human being has a different opinion on a particular subject and so, it varies from one person to another. The extent to which the opinions thus defended enjoy factual support, in some consensual or objective sense, is a secondary consideration; it suffices that the opinions are theirs. ” Henry exclaimed, “it is a matter of fact.”. Maybe I just have a different concept of truth in mind. Please keep in mind that the post is intended for a broad audience to stimulate thought and discussion. The Bill O'Reilly example is just the first one that comes to mind. Fact relies on observation or research while opinion is based on assumption. The artist Rene Margritte painted a depiction of a pipe and then wrote under These types of forceful mashing of facts and opinions are not exclusive to any political party, gender, race or religion. Thank you for your reply. So, at the risk of trying your patience: what I'm suggesting is that the vehemently opinionated, and the tentative, philosophically-minded seeker-after-truth who constantly revises his opinions, occupy different positions on the same 'belief' continuum, and that conceiving of these different positions in terms of a distinction between 'taste-based' and 'fact-based' opinion isn't the most useful way of understanding and describing them. Who knows, if we went on long enough, we might find that we are just disagreeing about how words should be used, and that is not a very interesting disagreement (at least *this* disagreement wouldn't be very interesting if it were merely terminological). Facts are things that are based on the truth, while opinions are what a person believes, which may or may not be a fact. Content: Fact Vs Opinion. In the end, he's the final authority on the matter: it's his taste. Being right is very important to such people. THIS IS A FACT This is a fact because we can prove it to be true or false. My non-professional opinion (I'm a retired reference librarian with an M.A. anon945062 April 10, 2014 . Unlike an opinion, a belief is a conviction based on cultural or personal faith, morality, or values. If you don’t believe me...well it is easy to test and verify by stepping off of a roof. Such a listing im-plies that there is a difference between facts and opinions and that this difference can be reliably detected. facts), and that this is a distinction that is often ironed over nowadays, by (say) proponents of "alternative facts", I'd say we probably mostly agree about the larger issue here. In a courtroom setting, the same facts are available to both prosecution and defense. It happens all around us in our everyday lives. So it is very likely that some people did belive it was flat 1,000 years ago. Remember: Think well, Act well, Feel well, Be well! Opinions are far easier to defend when truths are sandwiched into the argument. Certainly it's a fact that there are some things almost everybody likes, and other things you'd have a hard time forcing anybody to eat. Facts are neither true nor false; they're simply givens of experience (which include, of course, our tastes). The difference may seem subtle, but it is not. Call themselves ignorants. For example, there are many facts about goings-on in galaxies far far away for which we lack evidence and proof, but they are still facts. They cannot test and verify as facts can. Ifwe were to look back into history it will tell us that GeorgeWashington really was the first president. Such people are often insufferable and are seldom genuinely liked. https://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-facts-and-opinions One of my biggest pet peeves is when people say, “I’m just telling the truth.” We use this statement as a defense mechanism. We can hope that what such determined believers believe is, in fact, true; but if the goal is to create a bit of psychological space between these individuals and their beliefs, to 'lessen their attachment' to their beliefs, that's a different project than assessing the truth status of particular beliefs by fact-checking, or affirming a tautological (since definitional) distinction between facts and opinions. Indeed, it's misleading, since either kind of opinion can be vehemently or tentatively held and expressed. Is the "Milky way" a system of stars? Rather, it is a thinly veiled discussion and criticism of some current, sociopolitical events and sentiments that many people find most disturbing. Both are important, but it is important to know the difference between them. In education, children as young as kindergarten engage in conversation about fact an… Facts are statements that are either backed up directly by evidence or where evidence can easily be retrieved to prove it. Should You Be in a Romantic Relationship? Clearly, your points and objections are cogent and compelling but please consider the intention of the post is to stimulate thought and discussion. Definition of Fact. That 70 percent includes all consumer and commercial goods. ;-). Clearly, it has achieved that purpose with you and your argument is most cogent and quite scholarly. This post is for informational purposes only. While it's true that some people express their opinions more vehemently than others, holding an opinion at all implies a belief that the opinion is correct. 2. An important part of reading comprehension is determining what a fact is and what an opinion is. I'd also want to steer clear of holding that facts must be supported by empirical or scientific evidence. FACT OR OPINION?George Washington was the first president in theUnited States of America FACT OPINION 8 7. Truth, by definition, means the actual state of a matter or that it is a verified or indisputable fact.. Copyright 2017 Clifford N. Lazarus, Ph.D. A fact is a statement of truth that can be verified and is able to be proven as true. The advertisements contained in this post do not necessarily reflect my opinions nor are they endorsed by me. Truth is Absolute. Opinion is an expression of judgment or belief about something. Fact and Opinion Worksheets. A fact is a thing that can be proven as true by someone else. Unlike an opinion, that represents a perception about something. Truth. Unfortunately, facts are malleable by context; that is, facts taken out of context can result in a different narrative, which leads to a different truth. No Miley Cyrus is a "star" Opinion is an expression of judgment or belief about something. Fact refers to something that can be verified or proved to be true. • Categorized under Language | Difference Between Fact and Opinion Fact and Opinion are really different in the sense that Fact is something that is true and Opinion is only a belief. Facts are place-holders in rational systems; if you removed all the things from the world you wouldn't have taken away any facts or, for that matter, any of the world's 'truths' either. To claim "Absolutely nobody believed the world was flat 1000 years ago" might be giving our species too much credit. They will claim the earth is indeed a mere 6,500 years old and "The Fintstones" was basically an animated documentary! Psychology a none exact science that relies on statistics, and the sample size and methodology have a big questions even biased by intention to conclude. I'd just prefer to place 'truth' under the reality side of this distinction rather than the representation side, and I'd encourage a non-epistemic view of facts (i.e. Our efforts at self-preservation have allowed us to distort the truth. For example, mathematical facts aren't supported by any empirical or scientific evidence, yet they are facts nonetheless. Most of my strongly worded, passionate opinions are doled out deliberately. Keep in mind there are considerable numbers of people living today who claim that humans have never set foot on the moon, the pyramids were built by extraterrestrials, and the earth is indeed only 6,500 years old (to name only a few examples of the preponderance of ignorance and misinformation). One of the best ways to do this, as with any deception, is with just enough accura… Some of us have beliefs about such facts. It makes all the difference in the world. It's that qualified someone's belief about the author and his professional credentials that we normally think of as being correct or incorrect, true or false, not the facts themselves. Privacy, Difference Between Objective and Subjective, Difference Between Confession and Admission, Difference Between Auditing and Investigation, Difference Between Inductive and Deductive Reasoning, Difference Between Prejudice and Discrimination. Very interesting & important question. Why You Have Romantic Feelings for Someone You Hardly Know, Psychology Today © 2021 Sussex Publishers, LLC, AI Machine Learning Used to Predict Psychosis, Why Some Children Live With a Persistent Fear of Abandonment, How Narcissism Distorts Self-Image via Self-Concept Clarity, Why You're More Sensitive Than Most People, Ethics and Honesty in an Age of Alternative Facts, The Historical Origin of "Alternative Facts", From Facebook to Twitter: Finding the Political Truth, We Need Truth More Than Ever, but It's Elusive, Illusory Truth, Lies, and Political Propaganda: Part 1. Facts can be verified with the help of evidence or statistics. For example, it is a fact that what we call “gravity” is an immutable phenomenon in the universe (as far as we currently know). Right? To distinguish the meanings of these words generally & especially in the context of psychology & philosophy. The Earth is round, and people in the past and even today who say otherwise are mistaken. If Henry prefers wild rice to white rice his report of this is certainly a factual claim about something, and what reason would we have to suppose he might be lying about it? (Until proven wrong.) It is arrived at precisely because the "alternatives" have been disproven. Nor can we easily contest the claim that wild rice, at least nutritionally, is a 'better' food than white rice. Truth is a notion that people honestly think is correct, and a fact is an idea that has empirical and scientific evidence to support it's validity, has been proven repeatedly, and for which no compelling, alternative is supported by the available evidence. Similarly, in this context, a "truth" is a prevailing consensus that is taken, prima facie ("on the face of it"), as valid and correct. I think you might be referring to opinions rather than facts and conflating the issue with semantics. 'Vehemence-tentativeness' and 'fiction-fact,' in short, are conceptually unrelated distinctions which we have no reason to suppose share common extensions. Preferably about the absurdity of "alternative facts," and other sophistic ploys that are attributable to our current leadership. We the people have no capacity to leave matters that affect us to the experts. One is a fact, the other . It’s important to avoid attacking or labeling those who disagree with us. People use facts to create their own opinions about a certain topic. Of course, there will inevitably be people whose "truth" does not square with objective facts. Watch this video to learn the difference between facts and opinions.-- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/ . Saying how we feel is not the same thing as telling the truth. There are lots of ways that people try to use opinions as facts — and people who try to make facts look like opinions. Scientific facts usually arise from scientific inferences, an educated guess or opinion, made by a person, though it is not a fact until is proven. "In finer terms, a fact is a proven truth, whereas opinion is a personal view that represents the outlook of an individual, which may or may not be based on the fact." An opinion, in contrast to a fact, is a statement that reflects an author's or the speaker's point of view, beliefs, perspective, personal feelings, and values; opinions cannot be verified and proven to be true or false like a fact can be verified and proven to be true; however, a person's opinion can be supported or refuted when a critical thinker and a critically thinking reader of a text scrutinizes and critically evaluate… But it provides a reliable enough guide to keep most people alive and relatively healthy. I think we basically agree with regard to the epistemological and hermeneutical foundation of interpretation and are at odds largely due to how words should be used (as you suggested). Truth, on the other hand, is all about meaning. But your statement that “All facts are subjective” is interesting. The bulk of the idea in his book On Nature dwells on two very crucial concepts. For example, 1,000 years ago, when people stated the earth was flat, only a few thousand years old, and the center of the universe, they were speaking the "truth." If someone says to you, “You have no taste” you can politely but assertively correct the person by saying, “You mean your taste differs from my taste.” Hence, you are entitled to say, “This may be a great painting but I don’t particularly like it!” But if you say “This painting is a disaster!” you’d better be a recognized art expert who is able to explain exactly why, in your opinion, that piece of art falls short. Differences between Truth and Opinion According to Parmenides. What's more, truths and even cherished beliefs change while actual facts tend to remain the same. Our inability to see the difference as important is part of the reason our world is in such turmoil. A fact is something that can be proven true, while an opinion is a statement of a person's or group's thoughts, feelings, or beliefs. For instance, to say 70 percent of all goods are sold through channels is a fact. Thank you, Mark, for a most erudite analysis of my post. Thanks for your comment, Clifford. My strong supposition is that you're the same. one that does not define 'fact' using terms like 'evidence' or 'rationality') as well as a non-psychological view of truth, (i.e. Our taste isn't an infallible guide to what foods are good for us, of course, and our diets might not always conform to what a nutritionist--basing his own opinions on the factual requirements of human metabolism--would recommend. I'm all for stimulating thought and discussion. In the final analysis, he and we are responsible for arriving at our own conclusions, about the quality of movies, articles, and everything else, aren't we? I am a secondary school English teacher and there is a lot of rubbish written on this part of the curriculum that would lead to such absurdities as, for example, the atomic weight of sodium is a fact, but the proposition 'raping babies is wrong' is merely an opinion." At one time it was taken as a fact that whites were superior and that blacks were just kind of animal. Fact is a statement of our knowledge about the truth value of some proposition, and we're asserting that we have a high degree of confidence in our knowledge. Opinions are statements that are based on feelings, past experiences, or emotions. When we say, 'It is a fact that the author of this article has a Ph.D.,' we are saying, 'The proposition, 'The author of this article has a Ph.D.,' is true.' Usually, we are unable to understand the real meanings of truth, fact, perception & belief. No red meet during this season, people died of cysticercocis or diphtheria, these leaders were smart, people has no capacity or will power to study and learn, only follow by faith. Not 1092, right? As I suggested to David previously, the post is not a scholarly treatise intended for a peer reviewed, professional publication. Do You Often Feel Disappointed in Your Relationship? I'm in no position to have an opinion; but presumably someone is. It seems natural to say that the prevailing view can be, and oftentimes is, false. Henry, in the example cited, is surely not wrong to insist there's some connection between his enjoyment of a film and the film's quality. It is similar to the fiction versus nonfiction argument. A person who makes a factual statement knows that his opinion comes from Fact. Dreams have been described as dress rehearsals for real life, opportunities to gratify wishes, and a form of nocturnal therapy. Get the help you need from a therapist near you–a FREE service from Psychology Today. One important feature of the fact is that it is universal and does not differ from person to person. Just because something is an opinion doesn't mean it can't be proven. Facts are real information and so it cannot be challenged or debated, but if we talk about opinions, they can be debated. In this sense we are all 'opinionated;' and 'being right' is presumably important to everybody, including the article's author. Also, I see no reason to think that truths change. To reiterate my previous point, a truth need not be witnessed to be true. Fact vs. Opinion Carroll Community College Mission & Vision Mission of Carroll Community College: "a vibrant, learner-centered community, . In this case, the belief (or perhaps more strictly speaking, the belief's content) can be checked for accuracy or truth. Facts and opinions are two words that we come across very commonly. For example, that author states that the following are some facts: "Lincoln was born in 1809; that cereal contains 21 grams of sugar; the speed of light is 186,000 miles per second (in a vacuum)". Hi "Amerigo," I though Columbus set out for the New World around 1492. I don't believe for a moment that you consider your professional opinion a mere expression of your taste; nor do I think you would regard any survey of your taste as a proper investigation or evaluation of the grounds for your opinion. A reader wrote me to ask: "Please could you elucidate the distinction between a fact and an opinion?

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