In the Tokelauan language, Kāiga has both adjectival and nominal linguistic functions: When the word is used nominally, it may imply a diverse variety of social units that all have a shared ancestor. There is a bonding hierarchy between the complements and its sentences. In English, the first word in a sentence is the subject, followed by the verb and object, so we get sentences like ‘John eats food’ or ‘John cooked the fish’. Tokelauan was still only considered to be a spoken language up until the 1960s. Greeting. There are approximately 4,260 speakers of Tokelauan, of whom 2,100 live in New Zealand, 1,400 in Tokelau, and 17 in Swains Island. ', Ona: Complement used in sentences pertaining to “phasal, modal, and commentative predicates.”, 'It had become necessary to acquire a house'. It is closely related to Tuvaluan.People who speak Tokelauan and people who speak Tuvaluan can understand each other. Secondly, with some exceptions to rule number one, the second to last vowel would be the main stress (if the long vowel is not the main stress). administered under the Tokelau Act of 1948, as amended. South Pacific Ocean Official language(s) English and Local Languages Short name Niue Tokelau Demonym Niuean Tokelauean Official Website Niue and Tokelau were New Zealandic dependent territories. The most common language is Tokelauan, about half the people are able to speak English. A territory of New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean. Short works were also produced in Tokelauan. English: Tokelau - Tokelau. Most of the English language speakers are located in towns. This week marks the beginning of Tokelau Language Week which UNESCO says is 'severely endangered'. Tokelauan is spoken in Tokelau, American Samoa, and by Tokelauan people in New Zealand.. These articles are the and a/an. The islands Atafu and Nukunonu each have one village. Tokelauan /toʊkəˈlaʊən/ is a Polynesian language spoken in Tokelau and on Swains Island (or Olohega) in American Samoa. Tokelauan.  An example of an exception to this commonality would be if one was describing an entire class of things, but in a nonspecific way. Tokelau has two official languages: Tokelauan and English. distinctions in sibling terms. The use of he and te in Tokelauan are reserved for when describing a singular noun. For example, toha and tofa both mean goodbye but can be pronounced differently. Tokelauan schools lacked an abundance of resources and materials that could be used to educate their children on the language. This area is about 3.5 times the size of NY Central Park. Varieties and mixture of languages English is now the first foreign language taught in many countries. , Tokelauan is mutually intelligible with the Tuvaluan language.  Examples of both te and he are as such: English: 'A man has arrived' or 'The man has arrived', (Notice how te in Tokelauan has been translated to both a and the in English.). Glosbe is a collaborative project and every one can add (and remove) translations. Tokelau language. GDP per capita. It makes our dictionary Tokelau English real, as it is created by native speakers people, that uses language for every day. Tokelauan is a Polynesian language spoken by a majority of the population of Tokelau Island. Tokelauan Language Facts: Tokelauan is an Austronesian language spoken by about 1,700 people on the atolls of Tokelau, and by the few inhabitants of Swains Island in neighbouring American Samoa.  The Tokelauan language closely resembles its more widely spoken and close genealogical relative, Samoan; the two maintain a degree of mutual intelligibility.. People who speak Tokelauan and people who speak Tuvaluan can understand each other. England . There are approximately 4,260 speakers of Tokelauan, of whom 2,100 live in New Zealand, 1,400 in Tokelau, and 17 in Swains Island. It is important all the peoples of Aotearoa New Zealand nurture, use and share what we have learned over Tokelau Language Week, showing the respect and love every community deserves for its culture and language. According to Hooper's research, there are four elements that in Tokelauan semantics that determine the strength of the bond between the complement and rest of the sentence. /ˈtɒkəlaʊ/ (say tokuhlow) noun a NZ dependency consisting of the Tokelau Islands, a group of coral islands in the central Pacific, about 480 km north of Samoa. Samoan literature is recognised mostly due to the early introduction of Christian Samoan missionaries to which the Samoan language was held as the language of instruction at school and at church. 5 m. EEZ. , Similarly to English, for each clause in Tokelauan there is a predicate. The two major languages spoken in Tokelau are English and Tokelauan. A macron is a horizontal line, also seen in English.  Examples of nā, a 0 exception, and ni are as such: English: 'Do run and bring me the chairs', ('Ko' in this sentence acts as a preposition to 'te'. It is closely related to Tuvaluan and is related to Samoan and other Polynesian languages. 500 km North of Apia, Samoa: the nearest port. Languages: Tokelau (official), English. Glosbe is a collaborative project and every one can add (and remove) translations. It makes our dictionary English Tokelau real, as it is created by native speakers people, that uses language for every day. Dot TK is the official country code Top-Level-Domain for a small [...] Pacific Island State Named Tokelau. However, it is worthwhile to note that not all Tokelauan speaking peoples agree with the use of the macron. The Tokulauan language makes use of complementizers pe, ke, oi, and ona. Until 1976, the official name was Tokelau … Following the economic, political, military, scientific, cultural, and co '” (Quoted from Givón), Separation: “'The higher the main verb is on the binding scale, the less likely it is that a subordinating morpheme would separate the complement clause from the main clause. M â l ô n î! Noun - A lexeme formed directly after a determiner or possessive pronoun to create a noun phrase. The islands are occasionally referred to by Westerners by an older colonial name, The Union Islands. Tâlofa nî! In the year 1975, Kirifi and Webster published the first official precursory Tokelauan dictionary, which contained an estimated 3000 items, called the Tokelau-English Dictionary. English is the official language in many countries and for some decades also in international organisations such as the European and African Union, ASEAN and the United Nations. -preposition i and a noun phrase following a tense-aspect particle, Example: E i te faleha te faifeau 'The pastor is in the church.'. The most important languages spoken in Tokelau are English and Tokelauan. Reviving the Tokelauan language is the perfect theme of this year’s Tokelauan Language Week, Vaiaho o te Gagana Tokelau, which runs from 21-27 October 2018. Official Country Name: Tokelau Region: Oceania Population: 1,458 Language(s): Tokelauan, English Literacy Rate: NA Tokelau consists of three atolls—Atafu, Fakaofo, and Nukunonu—located in the middle of the South Pacific with a population between 1,700 and 1,800 people. As mentioned above, the use of indefinite articles in these types of statements is very common. translation and definition "Tokelau", English-Dhivehi Dictionary online. Tokelau is a Polynesian language closely related to Tuvaluan. edit Geography. Tokelauan is a Polynesian language. Horatio Hale was the first person to publish a Tokelauan dictionary of sorts, which he did in 1846. Currency. The island group consists of 3 islands. Stay united, stay strong'. An indefinite article is used when there is no specification of the noun being referred to. Together, they are known as The Union Islands, The Union Group, and as the Tokelau Islands. The four elements are: Subject/agent case marking, Verb modalities, Fusion or co-lexicalization, and Separation. The term holi kāiga can be applied to not only a 'desecration of kinship' but in any cases that the order of kinship is changed, for example a child defying an elder. The most important languages spoken in Tokelau are English and Tokelauan. Tongan Language. The most common language is Tokelauan, about half the people are able to speak English. It is closely related to Tuvaluan.People who speak Tokelauan and people who speak Tuvaluan can understand each other. It is closely related to Tuvaluan. However, in the case of definite article usage in Tokelauan language, if the speaker is speaking of an item in the same manner as the English languages uses the, they need not to have referred to it previously so long as the item is specific. English is also the first language for most European immigrants from Britain. Mâlô. Violating the kinship relationship means breaching not only the current relationship but the whole kinship of all descendants. Official name: Tokelau. The people live in four villages: Two of them are on Fakaofo.  In negative statements the word he is used because that is where it is most often found, as well as when phrasing a question. Over 90% of the population speaks Tokelauan, and just under 60% speak English. The country was a British protectorate, and therefore was part of British Western Pacific Territories (BWPT), and as a result, English is one of the country's official languages. If so, we invite you to join our Contributor Program.  In the times that passed after the second publication, the necessity of a more detailed and in depth reference to the language for the purpose of education with the Tokelauan community was realized by Hosea Kirifi (who later became the first Tokelau Director of Education) and J. H. Webster. Oi: Complement used in sentences pertaining to items of sequence. Tokelau is a non-self-governing colonial territory of New Zealand that comprises a group of three tropical coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean. 12 km². Tokelauan.  There are two dialects in Polynesia, which has shaped the Tokelauan language to sound how it does. '” (Quoted from Givón), Fusion or co-lexicalization: “'The higher the main verb is on the binding scale, the more likely is the complement verb to co-lexicalize with the main verb. For plural definite nouns, nā is the article that is used. In Tokelau, the term most closely translated to “incest” is holi kāiga which is made up of two words: holi meaning 'to tread' and also 'to desecrate' or 'violate'. The usage for the word the when speaking of a noun is strictly reserved for the case in which the receiver of the word should be aware of its context, or if said item has been referred to previously. , -A verbal phrase will follow a verbal clause, Example: Kua fano '[S/he] has gone.'. Tokelau includes three atolls in the South Pacific Ocean between longitudes 171° and 173° W and between latitudes 8° and 10° S, about midway between Hawaii and New Zealand.They lie about 500 kilometres north of Samoa.The atolls are Atafu, Nukunonu, both in a group of islands once called the Duke of Clarence Group, and Fakaofo, once Bowditch Island. Over 90% of the population speaks Tokelauan, just under 60% speak English.  However, in some cases, rather than using nā, plural definite nouns are subject to the absence of an article represented by 0. Those residing in the three atolls of Tokelau are known to have shown much resistance to the macron, while the Tokelauan speakers of New Zealand are more open and accepting of adopting the use of this linguistic symbol. Tokelau personel income per capita $1,035, jobless rate and its currency New Zealand dollar (NZD) . Comparably, a meager 29 percent of New Zealand-born Tokelauans reported being able to speak the language, compared to the 71 percent born in the three atolls. Pronouns are a subset of nouns, so they cannot be combined with determiners. Tongan is an official and national language in the Kingdom of Tonga, and includes about 200,000 native speakers. , Like English, vowels can be short or long. Change over time  The usage of the word he, the indefinite article in Tokelauan is 'any such item'. Tokelau is een overzees gebiedsdeel van Nieuw-Zeeland.De eilandengroep ligt in het zuiden van de Stille Oceaan en bestaat uit drie atollen met een gezamenlijke oppervlakte van 10 km² en in totaal 1411 inwoners (2011). In the binding system, the complements act inversely to the verb of the sentence. There is a struggle to teach a language that is spoken by only handful of people, when learning a widely known language such as English has a much greater benefit in their society. Many translated example sentences containing "Tokelau" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations.  When describing a plural noun, different articles are used. There are two articles that are used in the English language. It is spoken by about 1,500 people on the atolls of Tokelau, and by the few inhabitants of Swains Island in neighboring American Samoa. 2016. As obvious as the name suggests, the official language of England is English which is spoken by more than millions of people around the world. In 20th May 2014, both of them declared indpendence from New Zealand, by Schalamzaar Empire. The most important languages spoken in Tokelau are English and Tokelauan. The heritage language of the community starts to diminish as parents stray away from teaching their children the local language, in hopes that they will succeed in learning the more dominant language. Tokelau Language Week Te vaiaho o te gagana Tokelau Mālo ni, . Tokelau language. Tokelauan is an Austronesian language spoken by about 1,700 people on the atolls of Tokelau, and by the few inhabitants of Swains Island in neighbouring American Samoa. We have 12 products available for 1 of those languages. 319 031 km². English is often used at official functions in Tuvalu. The most common language is Tokelauan, about half the people are able to speak English. Simply log in and add new translation. During the 1960s schools began teaching their peoples how to read and write their own language. GDP Year. As fact, the government of Schalamzaar Empire supports them in all stages. Official Name: Tokelau Indigenous Peoples: Tokelauan, in the Polynesian family Official Languages: Tokelauan, Samoan, English and Tuvaluan Political Status: Non-self-governing territory of New Zealand Largest City: Fakaofo Population: 1,411 (2011 est) Greeting: Mâlô nî or Tâlofa. 1 400. Max height above sea level. While Tokelau Language Week has concluded it does not mean the opportunity to learn and appreciate the Tokelau language and culture, needs to end. Tokelau has a population of 1,411 people, Tokelau's capital city is Atafu and largest city Fakaofo. The 2020 Tokelau Language theme is ‘ Apoapo tau foe, i nā tāfea i te galutau.  It has a high place in their culture, and the revitalization and renewal of the language for their younger generation had eventually reached a point where action had to be taken. The following is a list of territories where English is an official language. Furthermore, monosyllabic grammatical morphemes are left unstressed. Porirua's Tokelauan community are doing their best to revitalise their language. Together these three atolls lay roughly about two hundred sixty nautical miles away from Samoa.  It also has marked similarities to the Niuafo'ou language of Tonga.. This map shows countries where English is an official language. English is one of the official languages of Tonga. TOP 1sg.POSSguess INT COMPT/A obtain INT DET week, 'My guess was that a full week had passed.'. Tokelau English Tokelau - Tokelau Tokelau is a non-self-governing colonial territory of New Zealand that comprises a group of three tropical coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean. Tokelauan is spoken in Tokelau, American Samoa, and by Tokelauan people in New Zealand ..  The article ni is used for describing a plural indefinite noun. Tokelauan has a co-official status with English in Tokelau. Population.  In this case, rather than nā as the article, the singular definite noun te would be used. Official Languages of Tuvalu English. Although there is a preferred method of ordering the phrase (i.e., argument, subject, case complement), the language allows for different variations.  This particle is ia, which is used so long as none of the nouns listed above follow the prepositions e, o, a, or ko.
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