19 synonyms and near synonyms of documentary from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. In J. Cintas (Ed. Examples are military, cultural arts, transport, sports, etc. The "making-of" documentary shows how a movie or a computer game was produced. The Wikipedia defines documentary as a non -fictional motion picture with the purpose of documenting some aspects of reality, intended to maintain a historical record. find an equivalent, of a very specific, scientific term in the target language and frequently the narrator uses a more general name instead of a specific term and the translator has to rely on the image presented in the programme to understand which term is being discussed in order to transpose it in the target language accordingly. Travelogue films were very popular in the early part of the 20th century. nombre masculino: Sustantivo de género exclusivamente masculino, que lleva los artículos el o un en singular, y los o unos en plural. They often connect personal accounts or experience juxtaposed with larger political or historical issues. There are no sit-down interviews, and the shooting ratio (the amount of film shot to the finished product) is very high, often reaching 80 to one. Exemplos: el televisor, un piso. Documentaries are shown in schools around the world in order to educate students. A city-symphony film, as the name suggests, is most often based around a major metropolitan city area and seeks to capture the life, events and activities of the city. The idea of documentary as meaning "pertaining to documents" came about at the beginning of the 19th century. a great post about the history of the documentary and its different sub-genres Adalberto Kemeny, 1929), Berlin: Symphony of a Metropolis (dir. This form of documentary release is becoming more popular and accepted as costs and difficulty with finding TV or theatrical release slots increases. André Sauvage, 1928); The Bridge (1928) and Rain (1929), both by Joris Ivens; São Paulo, Sinfonia da Metrópole (dir. that of black, gay men in Marlon Riggs's Tongues Untied (1989) or Jenny Livingston's Paris Is Burning (1991). Scott MacKenzie, Film Manifestos and Global Cinema Cultures: A Critical Anthology, Univ of California Press 2014. Main Challenges in the Translation of Documentaries. Biographical documentaries appeared during this time, such as the feature Eminescu-Veronica-Creangă (1914) on the relationship between the writers Mihai Eminescu, Veronica Micle and Ion Creangă (all deceased at the time of the production) released by the Bucharest chapter of Pathé. He identifies six genres or types of documentaries. Such mistakes in proper names are for instance: "Jungle Reinhard instead of Django Reinhart, Jorn Asten instead of Jane Austen, and Magnus Axle instead of Aldous Huxley".. Therefore, they are compelled to undertake extensive research whenever asked to make a translation of a specific documentary programme in order to understand it correctly and deliver the final product free of mistakes and inaccuracies. Matamala, A. Pathé is the best-known global manufacturer of such films of the early 20th century. Performative Documentaries are an experimental combination of styles used to stress subject experience and share an emotional response to the world. The screens are held for about 5–10 seconds to allow adequate time for the viewer to read them. Documentary film is the creative manipulation of real historical events to present a certain perspective or point of view.  The films aimed for immediacy, intimacy, and revelation of individual human character in ordinary life situations. Historical documentaries in this mode deliver an unproblematic and "objective" account and interpretation of past events. The rhetoric insistently presses upon us to read the images in a certain fashion. All these short films have been preserved. documentary Significado, definición, qué es documentary: 1. a film or television or radio programme that gives facts and information about a subject: 2. in…. In this regard, Bill Nicholas’s classic book, titled as ‘Introduction to Documentary’ can be mentioned. Luis Buñuel directed a "surrealist" documentary Las Hurdes (1933). Baraka tries to capture the great pulse of humanity as it flocks and swarms in daily activity and religious ceremonies. Modern lightweight digital video cameras and computer-based editing have greatly aided documentary makers, as has the dramatic drop in equipment prices. Normally, the translator has between five and seven days to hand over the translation of a 90-minute programme. The American film critic Pare Lorentz defines a documentary film as "a factual film which is dramatic. Although it is fact-based, the hybrid documentary is not explicit about what should be understood, creating an open dialogue between subject and audience. They prompt us to "question the authenticity of documentary in general." Generally, documentaries contain a large amount of specific terms, with which translators have to familiarise themselves on their own, for example: The documentary Beetles, Record Breakers makes use of 15 different terms to refer to beetles in less than 30 minutes (longhorn beetle, cellar beetle, stag beetle, burying beetle or gravediggers, sexton beetle, tiger beetle, bloody nose beetle, tortoise beetle, diving beetle, devil’s coach horse, weevil, click beetle, malachite beetle, oil beetle, cockchafer), apart from mentioning other animals such as horseshoe bats or meadow brown butterflies. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters, p. 111, Matamala, A. For other uses, see. It is the most self-conscious of all the modes, and is highly skeptical of "realism". Film Terms Glossary : Cinematic Terms : Definition and Explanation: Example (if applicable) abby singer (shot) a nickname for the second-to-last production shot of the day; the name was attributed to famed American production manager and assistant film director Abby Singer between the 1950s-1980s; the last shot of the day is known as the martini shot Often, this mode of film eschewed voice-over commentary, post-synchronized dialogue and music, or re-enactments. In J. Cintas (Ed. Aprender más. These short films were called "actuality" films; the term "documentary" was not coined until 1926. Meaning of documentary film. larity of documentary film, we might well wonder what, if anything, all these films have in common. Pare Lorentz's The Plow That Broke the Plains (1936) and The River (1938) and Willard Van Dyke's The City (1939) are notable New Deal productions, each presenting complex combinations of social and ecological awareness, government propaganda, and leftist viewpoints. The word can also refer to anything involving documents. (2009). a film, programme etc giving information on a certain subject. Grierson, Alberto Cavalcanti, Harry Watt, Basil Wright, and Humphrey Jennings amongst others succeeded in blending propaganda, information, and education with a more poetic aesthetic approach to documentary.