The six founding countries are Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Odoacer's rule came to an end when the Ostrogoths, under the leadership of Theodoric, conquered Italy. About the same time in the 8th century BCE, a small agricultural community was forming on the west coast of Italy. Etruscia was assimilated by Rome around 500 BCE.. The entire region south of Naples was afflicted with numerous deep economic and social liabilities.  During the Second Battle of El Alamein the 7th Bersaglieri Regiment exhibited a strong regimental spirit in the fight for Hill 28 that impressed Rommel to comment positively. Rome rebels against the Etruscans. Italy is approximately 116,400 square miles (including Sicily and Sardinia), which is slightly larger than Arizona. The Roman legions, which had reached an unprecedented number (around 50) because of the civil wars, were reduced to 28. 1935 – Italy Invades Ethiopia, Subsequently banned from League of Nations. Venice includes Saint Mark's amongst its many fortunes and its vast waterways and sweeping renaissance palaces make it one of the most astonishing historical sites in Italy. Italy in World War I (1914–1918) Fascism (1922–1943) Italy in World War II (1940–1945) Fascist Italian Social Republic, Partisans and Civil War (1943–1945) Republic (1946–present) Years of Lead (1970s–1980s) Maxi Trial (1986–1992) Mani pulite (1992–2001) Great Recession (2007–2009) European migrant crisis (2014–present) , By the late Middle Ages, central and southern Italy, once the heartland of the Roman Empire and Magna Graecia respectively, was far poorer than the north. 1935 – Italy Invades Ethiopia, Subsequently banned from League of Nations. The list below features every episode (over 700!) Genoa displays a wondrous mix of new and old - the city is the proud home of some of the most influential historical figures in Italy, such as Christopher Columbus. The king of Italy was gunned down by an anarchist from New Jersey, Gaetano Bresci on July 29, 1900, at Monza, Italy. In addition, it has also been the first in which the number of female ministers is equal to the number of male ministers. He decided to include Fascists on his electoral list for 1921 elections. Italy during that time prospered as the largest exporter of wine in Europe but following the recovery of France in 1888, southern Italy was overproducing and had to split in two which caused greater unemployment and bankruptcies.  A constitution set a series of checks and balances, and a separation of powers. Etruscan expansion was focused across the Apennines. Alessandra Diazzi and Alvise Sforza Tarabochia, Richard Drake, "Italy in the 1960s: A Legacy of Terrorism and Liberation. French and Spanish rivalries after 1494. In parts of Italy, likewise, the first day of the year was the 25th of March down to the close of the last century, and the Pisan reckoning was a year ahead of the Florentine. A first Indoeuropean migration occurred around the mid-3rd millennium BC, from a population who imported coppersmithing. Two prominent radical figures in the unification movement were Giuseppe Mazzini and Giuseppe Garibaldi.  In summer 1940, Mussolini ordered the bombing of Mandatory Palestine and the conquest of British Somaliland. Apr 6, 1870. Roman armies occupied Spain in the early 2nd century BCE but encountered stiff resistance from that time down to the age of Augustus. However, the Royal Air force prevented the Italian invasion and allowed the Greeks to push the Italians back to Albania. Many of the new Hellenic cities became very rich and powerful, like Neapolis (Νεάπολις, Naples, "New City"), Syracuse, Acragas, and Sybaris (Σύβαρις). The Romans called the area of Sicily and the foot of Italy Magna Graecia (Latin, "Great Greece"), since it was densely inhabited by the Greeks. In propaganda, Fascists used the ancient Roman motto "Mare Nostrum" (Latin for "Our Sea") to describe the Mediterranean. In exchange Prussia would allow Italy to annex Austrian-controlled Venice. Milan, Florence and Venice, as well as several other Italian city-states, played a crucial innovative role in financial development, devising the main instruments and practices of banking and the emergence of new forms of social and economic organization.. To avoid this, Caesar crossed the Rubicon River and invaded Rome in 49 BCE, rapidly defeating Pompey. 88, . Famous vernacular poets of the 15th century include the Renaissance epic authors Luigi Pulci (Morgante), Matteo Maria Boiardo (Orlando Innamorato), and Ludovico Ariosto (Orlando Furioso). This is a list of wars involving the Italian Republic since the proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy on 17 March 1861, but does not include wars fought by the historic states of Italy.The result of these conflicts follows this legend: Italian victory Italian defeat Another result (e.g., a treaty or peace without a clear result, status quo ante bellum, result unknown or indecisive) " James Sadkovich gives the most charitable interpretation of Italian failures, blaming inferior equipment, overextension, and inter-service rivalries. Mazzini's activity in revolutionary movements caused him to be imprisoned soon after he joined. In the 1950s and 1960s the country enjoyed prolonged economic boom, which was accompanied by a dramatic rise in the standard of living of ordinary Italians. Originally arising from dynastic disputes over the Duchy of Milan and the Kingdom of Naples, the wars rapidly became a general struggle for power and territory among their various participants, marked with an increasing number of alliances, counter-alliances, and betrayals. . This is shown by numerous remains contained in the nuraghe, such as amber coming from the Baltic Sea, small bronzes portraying African apes and animals, Oxhide ingots and weapons from Eastern Mediterranean, Mycenaean ceramics. Subsequently, beating off Austrian counterattacks and continuing to advance, he arrived in the Veneto in 1797. The fervor for war represented a bitterly hostile reaction against politics as usual, and the failures, frustrations, and stupidities of the ruling class.. On 7 April 1939, Italy invaded Albania. Here their interests collided with those of the Greeks, especially in the 6th century BCE, when Phoceans of Italy founded colonies along the coast of France, Catalonia and Corsica.  Following the defeat of Napoleonic France, the Congress of Vienna (1815) was convened to redraw the European continent. The Fascist regime held negative relations with Yugoslavia, as it continued to claim Dalmatia. On 16 November 2011, Berlusconi's resignation, the famous economist Mario Monti sworn in as new Prime Minister at the head of a technocratic government.  The presence of the Homo neanderthalensis has been demonstrated in archaeological findings near Rome and Verona dating to c. 50,000 years ago (late Pleistocene). During the same period, Italy saw the rise of the Maritime Republics: Venice, Genoa, Pisa, Amalfi, Ragusa, Ancona, Gaeta and the little Noli. Learn more about Pompeii, including its history and excavations. The city of Troy, made famous in Greek literature, was located on the Turkish coastline thousands of years ago. The site of Rome had a ford where the Tiber could be crossed. 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