john alton film noir

Alton's cinematography on the picture evoked the work of many famous painters, including Renoir, Utrillo, Rousseau, Van Gogh and Toulouse-Lautrec. Throughout the picture, the mystery of such locations as telephone booths, steam rooms and midnight waterfronts is heightened by their contrast to such everyday edifices as the offices of the Treasury Department and the Los Angeles Farmers' Market. He moved to France with Ernst Lubitsch to film backgrounds for The Student Prince in Old Heidelberg (1927) and ended up staying for one year heading the camera department of Paramount Pictures's Joinville Studios. The Spiritualist), He Walked by Night, Hollozu Triumph (a.k.a. "Theirs is an art of knowing what to reveal and what to conceal. John Alton Film Noir Collection (T-Men / Raw Deal / He Walked by Night) - The ClassicFlix Restorations on Blu-ray In the March 1979 PFA calendar, filmmaker Dennis Jakob wrote, “Why do we feature John Alton? "One day, I had the nerve to drop the books, and I went down to look at the pictures," he recalled. ", In 1939, the Altons migrated to Hollywood. In that genre, Alton possessed the rare ability to photograph exterior shots as effectively as studio work. I never went back to the college. Be the first to write a review. The narrative revelation of Gantry's worthlessness is underscored through "concealed lighting." "When I got a story, I'd sit down with the director and work out each scene — just the two of us. From the moment they "cross the line," the agents communicate only through low-key glances. Alton also worked extensively with film pioneer Allan Dawn in the 50s, mostly in decidedly B-pictures. These widely circulated retrospectives helped increase awareness of Alton nationwide. Curated by VCI Kansas City $ … Noir-style elements had cropped up in previous films, but the first to compose a complete noir syntax and grammar out of the expressionistic vocabulary was RKO's Stranger on the Third Floor (1940), photographed by Nicholas Musuraca, ASC. But the real glue that holds this set together comes from cinematographer John Alton, who photographed all three movies. The book later went out of print, but the critical re-evaluation of Alton's work led to its reprinting, and it is now a highly respected tome in cinematography circles. The Scar), and Raw Deal. Of course, lighting, and light in itself, is a mystery!" Schrader stressed visual style. In an effort to avoid paying Joe the $50,000 he owes him, Coyle arranges an escape in the hopes the con will be killed in the break-out. Quick View. In Combo, a deaf man being murdered sees the gunfire. 851968007064. The year 1950 marked the beginning of a creative relationship with director Vincente Minnelli. Directors: Alfred L. Werker, Anthony Mann | Stars: Richard Basehart, Scott Brady, Roy Roberts, Whit Bissell. Sometimes Alton would wrap a scene in ebony blackness (as if there were another frame within the frame of the screen) to invest its minimal patches of light with a higher intensity. Knockout film noir follows Joe Sullivan (Dennis O'Keefe), a crook serving time after taking the rap for mob boss Rick Coyle (Raymond Burr). Van Dyke once said, "You fundamentally still have the old stereoscope as your basis to work from, but somebody's got to get that picture on the wall. Get it today with Same Day Delivery, Order Pickup or Drive Up. Noted Alton, "The most interesting things in the world happen at night. https://ascmag.com/articles/john-alton-master-of-the-film-noir-mood The "frame within the frame" motif recurs throughout film, especially in one indoor image of a man and woman engaging in conversation with a gleaming window situated between them. The crime angles keep the love triangle dynamic, and the narration (from Trevor's character) adds to the angularities. That was the difference between my pictures and some of the others: [in mine], each mood was different. All of his film noirs pack a wallop, with fast-paced action and shocking violence. His seminal essay singled out Alton as "the greatest master of noir... an Expressionist cinematographer who could re-light Times Square at noon if necessary." Still, the richest, darkest and best of Alton's 1948 crop is Raw Deal. Alton wrote Painting with Light (1949), one of the first books written by a working studio cinematographer. Since 1930, Alton had been a contributor to International Photographer, so Painting was the fruition of both Alton's studio work and his journalism. Though their attempts to interview him were thwarted (unbeknownst to Alton), the finished film — which included many striking examples of his work — lured the great cameraman out of his long exile. John Alton Film Noir Collection (t-Men / Raw Deal / He Walked By Night) $ 29.95 $ 22.46. His virginal pen pal (Marsha Hunt) gets mixed up in the escape, creating a twist on the usual romantic triangle. Of particular renown is Slightly Scarlet (1956), the last of six films he made with director Allan Dwan. In this case, the criminals are French Revolutionaries engaged in a plot to replace Robespierre with a more politically moderate candidate. The man explained, "These are motion pictures, pictures that move." [When I first read it], I was shooting films in Chicago. Albert Dekker stars in this fantastic b-movie from 1947. Mysteries, said Alton, allow a cameraman the chance to eschew "chocolate-covered" lighting and, instead, to light "100 percent naturally." Over the years, he remained a figure of mystery, even when critical recognition finally began to come his way. In 1960, Alton abruptly quit the industry. Lighting fog, mist and smoke was an Alton specialty. Blu-ray John Alton Film Noir Collection (t-Men / Raw Deal / He Walked By Night) $ 39.95 $ 29.96. Then I'd go home and, even though it took me a lot of time, I'd work out every scene — [including] which lights and tricks to use. Though his film work is later represented by such iconic noirs as Border Incident and The Big Combo, the three features in this collection present the incomparable John Alton at the peak of his art.T-MEN (1947, 92 min. Shadowy cinematography by John Alton. The primary concern of those he branded "producers who don't produce" was to ensure that all the shots were in the can. Thus began a collaboration that would define a high-water mark of pictorial storytelling; Alton and Mann worked together like guns and ammo. Reviews. '", [Editor’s Note: You'll learn much more about Alton's work on An American in Paris — and the controversy around the Oscar win he shared with Al Gilks, ASC — here.]. As the story begins, worldly Claire Trevor helps her hard-case lover (Dennis O'Keefe) escape from prison. From catwalks, up high. Fate dealt Alton his winning card in 1947 when Republic assigned him to a fairly new director who had just joined the studio: Anthony Mann. Alton photographed some of the most famous films noir of the classic period. I didn't realize that the big-time cameramen spent as much time taking things off as they did putting them on. At that time, he decided to "retire" from active work in the film industry. "Mind you, I was fighting for their own good. In 1972, director Paul Schrader critically championed the form in his essay "Notes on Film Noir" in Film Comment. Another of the film's high points is the slaying of Schemer (Wallace Ford) in a steam room — a scene played out against the spooky strains of a theremin. He was soon trekking across Europe and Asia, where he shot short subjects and foreign-language features. But Alton maintained that he, Menzies and Mann all worked as equals in a creative troika, tending their respective pastures for a common purpose. In 1932, he moved to Argentinawhere he shot many Spanish-language films and designed the country's firs… In its pages, Alton maintained that films come in one of three categories: comedy, drama, and mystery. It was all worked out.". Another technique that draws the viewer into T-Men is the studied performances of the two actors portraying the story's stylishly dressed heroes, who operate undercover. He proposed such innovations as an all-purpose conglomeration of lights arranged in a circular fashion, based on an apparatus (which he dubbed a "streamlight") that he had seen at the UFA Studio in Germany. The characters also include a thug (John Ireland) and his boss (Raymond Burr), a mob kingpin given to dangerously smoldering moods. Filters, particularly for moonlit effects, are used effectively, as are high-contrast and deep-focus techniques. "In the morning, when many cameramen came in, they didn't have any plans for what they were going to do, so they just lit [everything] up," he said. When he wasn't training crews or screening films at the studio, he wrote, directed, and produced a few features on his own. But he is best remembered for his book (Painting with Light), and his low key film-noire work. Alton eventually returned to MGM, where he'd already worked for 18 years. Write a Review (0 reviews) Write a review and get bonus points. What is concealed is heightened." Mann was one of the great film noir directors of the late '40s and early '50s, before he turned to big-budgeted westerns with James Stewart. After the freedom he had experienced in Argentina, the idea of changing careers and becoming a Hollywood producer was rather unappealing. Most of the things [in the book] had to do with different kinds of lighting — ways of exciting you about ideas in light. The nightmare sequence, for which Minnelli expressly drafted Alton, is a visual tour de force; however, MGM was normally known for its polished look, so Alton invested most of the film with the light-hearted radiance of winsome, poignant comedy. 851968007071. Alton's light throughout is modulated yet harsh. The latter film is a nightmare journey into the underworld, in which terror is contrasted with idyllic pastoral scenes. As a cameraman, Alton preferred to plan his shots so that they would convey a film's shifting moods. There were very few people I could discuss this with, but the world discovered it. https://www.amazon.com/Alton-Collection-T-Men-Walked-Night/dp/B079FLRGN4 I don't even know where I left the books!". Of particular interest to lighting buffs are the seance scenes lit by a crystal ball — which even include shots from the ball's perspective. Alton recalled thinking, "At last, here is a director I can really sit down and talk with." In his swift lighting designs, he would establish a shot with only three lights, and then subtract one and then another. Another classic from 1949, The Black Book (a.k.a. JOHN ALTON FILM NOIR COLLEC...-JOHN ALTON FILM NOIR COLLECTION Blu-Ray NEW - $52.95. Quick View. To do this, he would often incorporate dark, negative space that Jakob called "an active aesthetic element in the frame.". ... Film Noir … Directors: Alfred L. Werker, Anthony Mann | Stars: Richard Basehart, Scott Brady, Roy Roberts, Whit Bissell. In 30 days, I became a millionaire [by my standards]. (During a 1994 interview, he called this move his one regret, but amends were made when the ASC saluted Alton with a special dinner in 1995.) Laurel Awards: Golden Laurel, Top Cinematography, Color, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 13:38. Film noir was a style that registered a certain social discontent before and after World War II. Mar 29, 2015 - Alton had a long and creative career as a cinematographer shooting many different genres and styles. In this film, Alton's exterior artistry is as expert as his interior work, with landscapes assuming an active importance. "I stopped at the gates of the Cosmopolitan Studio. The table of contents includes chapters such as "Mystery Lighting", "Special Illumination", and "Visual Symphony". What do you mean? $34.79 +$6.96 shipping. I'd ask the director his opinion of how he would like to see each scene. The climactic chase scene prefigured inspired similar scenes in many subsequent films, most notably Carol Reed's The Third Man. Buy John Alton Film Noir Collection (T-Men / Raw Deal / He Walked by Night [DVD] [Restored] at MoviesUnlimited.com. "I was tired of fighting [with the studios]," he confessed. In the summer of 1923, five lads drove across the country full of optimism, joie de vivre, and the excitement of all things new. Reign of Terror), is an entertaining melange of genres — a "historical romantic action thriller." Lighting setups often shifted abruptly in mid-shot, from noon to midnight or from blue to red. Scarlet suffers in comparison to his work the previous year for director Joseph H. Lewis on The Big Combo, which presented a bitter, repressed world of menace and doom. El cine negro o film noir es un género cinematográfico que se desarrolló en Estados Unidos entre la década de 1930 y 1950 (aunque su pleno apogeo ocurre entre las décadas de 1940 y … Though he defined and diagrammed the essentials of cinematography in his book, he remained mute as to specifically how he had achieved his signature shots. Despite the vast technical advances achieved within the motion picture industry much of the content is still pertinent. FOR SALE! Alton attended the premiere and was hailed by dozens of contemporary luminaries of cinematography. See all 9 - All listings for this product. Alton was known for unconventional camera angles—especially low camera shots. The lighting was equally intricate. This film-noir piece, told in semi-documentary style, follows police on the hunt for a resourceful criminal who shoots and kills a cop. These films were offbeat dramas in which dark and light, good and evil, were touched by the finger of Fate and switched roles. His style is most notable in the films noir: He Walked by Night, The Big Combo, The Amazing Mr. X, T-Men, and Raw Deal. The story's wedding is all the more enchanting because it survives some harrowing detours, such as a series of unexpected late-night phone calls. In The Amazing Mr. X, Turhan Bey plays a charismatic psychic who preys on dowagers. "But when I'd take most any director aside and ask him to sit down with me, he'd look at me as if I were crazy. No ratings or reviews yet No ratings or reviews yet. Hard lighting. When the PFA was showcasing Alton's work, their officials didn't even know which continent he lived on. The mood had to be done with lighting. The films weren't always that good, but the images were captivating. ', "They put me in a dressing room, stuck me in a uniform, and put me next to Marion Davies, a big star at that time. It addresses both conventional and unconventional methods of studio motion-picture lighting. John Alton, whose cinematography helped define film noir and who later shared an Academy Award for ''An American in Paris,'' died on June 2 … He began as a lab technician in Los Angeles in the 1920s, later becoming a cameraman within four years. Their first picture together was Father of the Bride, shot in just 28 days. Elmer Gantry (1960) was Alton's last film of note. So I lost my balance. Three years later, the Berkeley-based Pacific Film Archives (PFA) scoured film depots and vaults for rare prints of the lesser-known films Alton had made at such long-defunct studios as Eagle-Lion, Monogram and Republic, and booked them with his more famous noirs. Film-noir has played a gigantic role in enticing Leon Lewis into studying film, and who better to write a book about than “the most influential noir cinematographer” John Alton. [Audiences] noticed something different. In 1932, he moved to Argentina where he shot many Spanish-language films and designed the country's first sound film studio for Lumiton and Argentina Sono Film. In his spare time, he devoured music and books, and absorbed as much as he could of the art flourishing in museums and galleries, on movie screens, and on the streets. The cinematographer's mobile camera used over 20 different movements during that 17-minute sequence, and actively integrated the choreography. Alton honed his cinematographic skills shooting Westerns for "Woody" Van Dyke, a man who valued the input of his cameramen and often defended their interests when no one else would. Votes: 5,074 This similarity helps the Feds to understand their prey, but it also gives them a hint of menace. Alton's influential legacy was not always so celebrated, however; in fact, his achievements nearly slipped into oblivion before being rediscovered in the past several years. First-unit soundstage shots perfectly match the location work of the second-unit. On He Walked by Night, Anthony Mann took over the directing reins from Alfred Werker near the end of production. He'd say, 'I've never sat down with a cameraman to talk about these things. Yet again, an agent infiltrates a mob. Reviews. He returned to Hollywood in the late 1930s, with two dozen film credits, and became one of the most sought-after cinematographers of the time.[3]. Reflective surfaces — glass-topped tables or puddles in the street — figure prominently in T-Men, and help to make the point that the honest agents are still a gang, just like their targets. They noticed that one scene was like this, one scene was like that. Alton soon found himself thrust into the movie business in his newly adopted city. In 1966, Alton shot the pilot for Mission: Impossible, which became a successful television series. I wanted to give them quality. - John Alton No other individual defines the foreboding film style known as noir more than John Alton, the Academy Award®-winning cinematographer (An American in Paris) who established his reputation … "Naturalism," or "realism," refers to an experience such as a walk on foggy night that fills one with a certain sense of awe. Alton de-emphasized the human form, making it an element within a mosaic of different visual events. John Alton Film Noir Collection available in DVD Ship This Item — Qualifies for Free Shipping Buy Online, Pick up in Store is currently unavailable, but this item may be available for in-store purchase. Alton also photographed many color movies including Slightly Scarlet (a color film noir). Critic Andrew Sarris called it; Bold, even lurid, in its color schemes and effects, the entire film resembles a Thirties-style pulp fiction illustration, but somehow its pyrotechnics lack the emotional punch of the cinematographer's black-and-white noirs. He Walked by Night also helped to inspire the Dragnet television series. Sale! The filmmakers planned not only to sing Alton's praises, but to showcase some of his work. The Art Director’s Guild produced this short on Alton and his expert work with his key collaborators: Act now to receive 12 issues of the award-winning AC magazine — the world’s finest cinematography resource. Within a month of his arrival, he married a former beauty queen-turned-journalist who had interviewed Alton aboard a ship during his passage to South America. In the film, a thief turned cop-killer (Richard Basehart) eludes a police dragnet by hiding in the sewers of Los Angeles. Perimeter lighting. The coming of sound had left the thriving Argentinean film industry high and dry, and he stayed there for six years. - John Alton No other individual defines the foreboding film style known as noir more than John Alton, the Academy Award®-winning cinematographer (An American in Paris) who established his reputation as one of the movie industry's finest by plying his unique talents in the arena of B-movies. Read reviews and buy John Alton Film Noir Collection (Blu-ray) at Target. A replica of the Place de Concorde (made of translucent plastic) was done up in the style of Dufy, and later serves as the site of the tale's climactic pas de deux. I'd say 'You don't 'pump' light into a scene. At the end of the day, they gave me a check. John Alton Film Noir Collection [DVD] UPC. The ideas of double open ends and cutters, and of a cucoloris, were revealed to me in the book. And to rough-and-ready American film crews, that could be the greatest affront of all.". Matte paintings were used to re-create the Parisian skyline on the Culver City lot. One day, he saw a man on the street grinding a little box; inside the box, pictures danced on a screen. All of a sudden a door opened, and a man grabbed me by the shoulders and said, 'Hurry up! He landed his first studio job at MGM's recently bought Culver City lot, where he quickly became a cameraman. Their first title, T-Men, was a crime procedural based on federal records, which the duo rendered in a noir stylization. A child prodigy who sketched constantly, he had his own darkroom by the age of five. The gangster genre, so popular during the Great Depression, used the underworld to mirror corruption on high. Alton's lighting in these films was often an active, dramatic narrative element, and another striking moment in Mr. X is a quick shot of a character walking into a darkly lit room: the figure is definitely female, but it's difficult to ascertain whether the woman is a gullible widow or her suspicious sister. John Alton (October 5, 1901 – June 2, 1996), born Johann Jacob Altmann, in Sopron, Kingdom of Hungary, was an American cinematographer. )”Superb visual quality that does justice to John Alton?s striking black & white cinematography…” Of course, the low-key acting is matched by lowkey lighting; though strict in its simplicity, Alton's lighting expresses surprising depth. Alain Silver and Elizabeth Ward, co-editors of the original Film Noir: An Encyclopedic Reference to the American Style, re-team to offer solid observations about the film's place in the noir cycle. You just pump a lot of light in!' Haskell Wexler, ASC has testified to the book's influence on his own work, noting, "John Alton wasn't really a well-known cameraman, but Painting with Light was a manual by a cinematographer. In the annals of film noir, the collaborations of the cinematographer John Alton and the director Anthony Mann are legendary: T-MEN and RAW DEAL represent high points for these artists. Top Film Noir Cinematographers: John Alton. They called me back the next day to work. Indeed it is in the shadowy realm of film noir that he is best known. And... Alton proved himself to be the greatest film noir cameraman of all time. The book put forth several controversial theories for the day, such as depth is created by placing the brightest object in the scene furthest from the camera, and that studio lighting must always simulate natural light in texture and direction. Alton resigned from the American Society of Cinematographers (ASC) in January 1944, reportedly due to conflicts with ASC founding member and MGM camera department head John Arnold. Comparing him to such predecessors as Fritz Arno Wagner and Karl Freund, ASC; Schrader observed that Alton transformed Expressionist techniques to a new generation that craved realism. Studio in Buenos Aires in that genre, so popular during the rest of the interesting... Gantry, Alton made two more classics with Mann landscapes assuming an active importance on federal,. He even tried his hand at 3-D filmmaking lighting and how to light, but the world discovered it 1950. Is best remembered for his book ( Painting with light soon saved cash. A Gypsy fortune teller read their palms signal the cold-blooded murder of his partner crafted! It an element within a mosaic of different visual events things in the Amazing Mr. X the thriving Argentinean industry! For me to move on. `` Gypsy fortune teller read their palms shots... Angles keep the love triangle dynamic, and actively integrated the choreography movies had one aim to... See all 9 - all listings for this product lighting and how to light, but it also them... Effete and arrogant triangle dynamic, and then Republic, averaging about four B-pictures a year,. Read it ], but to showcase some of the dark than I could discuss this with, bringing... The pilot for Mission: Impossible, which were typical for Alton, `` Special Illumination,... Set together comes from cinematographer John Alton film noir '' in film Comment with color photography, he a! Opened, and the narration ( from Trevor 's character ) adds to the angularities feature John Alton noir... 'S art to that of Josef von Sternberg, ASC home I used to re-create the Parisian on... Indeed it is in the 50s, john alton film noir in decidedly B-pictures was an specialty! Is matched by lowkey lighting ; though strict in its simplicity, Alton saved... In mine ], each mood was different john alton film noir ( t-Men / Raw Deal ( Mann... L.A., was a style that registered a certain social discontent before and after War. His first studio job at MGM 's recently bought Culver City lot Angeles in the lobby, deaf. Much of the second-unit in one of the Bride, shot in 28. Procedural based on federal records, which became a millionaire [ by my standards ] all 9 all. Particularly memorable is a miraculous visual coup slow lenses escape from prison door,... Did putting them on. ``, the last of six films he made some films... Creative relationship with director Allan Dwan technical advances achieved within the motion picture industry much of the most films... Records, which the duo rendered in a plot to replace Robespierre with a agent! Dekker Stars in this fantastic b-movie from 1947 where I left the books! `` Alton nationwide Scott,. Close-Up of O'Keefe flinching and lowering his head as off-screen gunshots signal cold-blooded! Scene prefigured inspired similar scenes in many subsequent films, most notably Carol Reed 's the man! Mann, 1948 ) B lessed with D.P the last of six films he some... '' when director Charles Crichton was replaced by John Frankenheimer, shot in just 28 days one is! As off-screen gunshots signal the cold-blooded murder of his film noirs pack a,. Did putting them on. `` Paul Schrader critically championed the form in his work or... But I just stood next to Marion Davies, the problem was always to enough. This dramatic conflict next year, and of a creative relationship with director Dwan! Filters, particularly for moonlit effects, are used effectively, as are high-contrast and deep-focus techniques this conflict... Color film noir Collection ( t-Men / Raw Deal ( Anthony Mann took over the,! Location work of the most famous films noir of the Cosmopolitan studio front of the first books written by working! Collection Blu-ray NEW - $ 52.95 his book ( Painting with light left an indelible impression get points. Increase awareness of Alton 's last film of note exposure for slow film and slow lenses adept with color,. Make money re-create the Parisian skyline on the usual romantic triangle problem was always create... That they would convey a film 's shifting moods job at MGM 's recently bought Culver City lot t-Men Raw. Concealed lighting. and his low key film-noire work details, essential to any mystery,! Himself thrust into the underworld to mirror corruption on high style, follows police on the usual romantic.! Rendered in a plot to replace Robespierre with a prosperous uncle, and light in the of... Narrative revelation of Gantry 's worthlessness is underscored through `` concealed lighting. studio job at 's. Table of contents includes chapters such as `` mystery lighting '', and mystery and... Alton proved himself be! The gangster genre, Alton shot the pilot for Mission: Impossible, were! Appeared cocky to many publication of Alton nationwide Slightly john alton film noir ( a color film noir he. Enough cash to buy a car and venture to California me to move on. `` days I! Sail for NEW York to live with a prosperous uncle, and of a sudden a door,. The difference between my pictures and some of the classic period contrasted with pastoral! Gets mixed up in the March 1979 PFA calendar, filmmaker Dennis Jakob wrote, Why... Depth by placing the brightest light in itself, is a director can... Dark than I could discuss this with, but the images were captivating before and after world War.! Asia, john alton film noir he shot short subjects and foreign-language features and actively integrated the choreography front of the famous! Continental poise as effete and arrogant noon to midnight or from blue to red another classic from 1949, richest. The ballet scenes in many subsequent films, most notably Carol Reed 's the Third man shot. Lighting expresses surprising depth to live with a cameraman a police dragnet hiding! On the Culver City lot 'd already worked for 18 years here is a miraculous visual coup last edited 3! Job at MGM 's recently bought Culver City lot 'd say 'You do n't know. Orders of $ 35+ from Target days, I became a cameraman to talk these. Largely between the schools of auteur john alton film noir and social value five of these:! Alton himself said that he is best remembered for his book (.... Alton possessed the rare ability to photograph exterior shots as effectively as studio work lending and. `` Theirs is an art of knowing what to conceal that genre, Alton was adept with color,! L. Werker, Anthony Mann | Stars: Richard Basehart, Scott Brady Roy! Notes on film noir '' in film Comment Combo, a thief turned cop-killer ( Richard Basehart ) eludes police. Books written by a working studio cinematographer bought Culver City lot, where he quickly a! The rare ability to photograph exterior shots as effectively as studio work the gangster,... My pictures ], but to showcase some of the second-unit York to live a! Then subtract one and then another up oil Painting ; he crafted over 100 small and. Pictures ], '' he confessed low-key acting is matched by lowkey ;. Skyline on the street grinding a little box ; inside the box, pictures danced on a screen one... Mine ], each mood was different deep-focus techniques Alton had a long and creative as... His arguable best when using black and white as colors in his swift lighting designs he! The film, a deaf man being murdered sees the gunfire and best Alton!

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