In 1637, Schouwburg, the first theatre in Amsterdam was built, opening on 3 January 1638. Bimhuis located near the Central Station, with its rich programming hosting the best in the field is considered one of the best jazz clubs in the world. More. Total number of Hispanic Or Latino led homes in Amsterdam, by type ; Total Home Population: 1,505; Population of Family homes: 1,094; Population of 15 to 24 year olds: , After the Second World War, large new neighbourhoods were built in the western, southeastern, and northern parts of the city. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. After the 2014 municipal council elections, a governing majority of D66, VVD and SP was formed – the first coalition without the Labour Party since World War II. Amsterdam has a rich architectural history.  Calvinism was declared the main religion, and although Catholicism was not forbidden and priests allowed to serve, the Catholic hierarchy was prohibited. The above figures for the population of Amsterdam do fail to take into account those living in the city who are not registered with the government as official residents. Amsterdam suffered less damage than many other European cities during World War II, but the old Jewish quarter was razed. Then, in 1508, this was replaced with Maximilian's imperial crown when he was crowned Holy Roman Emperor.  In the 18th century, French theatre became popular. The city also has various colleges ranging from art and design to politics and economics which are mostly also available for students coming from other countries.  At the end of the Second World War, communication with the rest of the country broke down, and food and fuel became scarce. The typical Bruine Kroeg (brown café) breathe a more old fashioned atmosphere with dimmed lights, candles, and somewhat older clientele. , Amsterdam has been one of the municipalities in the Netherlands which provided immigrants with extensive and free Dutch-language courses, which have benefited many immigrants.. Famous festivals and events in Amsterdam include: Koningsdag (which was named Koninginnedag until the crowning of King Willem-Alexander in 2013) (King's Day – Queen's Day); the Holland Festival for the performing arts; the yearly Prinsengrachtconcert (classical concerto on the Prinsen canal) in August; the 'Stille Omgang' (a silent Roman Catholic evening procession held every March); Amsterdam Gay Pride; The Cannabis Cup; and the Uitmarkt. It opened in 1885.  Next to the Mayor, the municipal executive board consists of eight wethouders ('alderpersons') appointed by the municipal council: four D66 alderpersons, two VVD alderpersons and two SP alderpersons..  Another popular dance festival is 5daysoff, which takes place in the venues Paradiso and Melkweg. s children. On the east side of town, there is a small theatre in a converted bathhouse, the Badhuistheater. Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands on 10 May 1940 and took control of the country.  While many towns in Holland experienced population decline during the 15th and 16th centuries, Amsterdam's population grew, mainly due to the rise of the profitable Baltic maritime trade after the Burgundian victory in the Dutch–Hanseatic War. The permanent collection consists of works of art from artists like Piet Mondriaan, Karel Appel, and Kazimir Malevich. In 2012, the music video of Far East Movement, 'Live My Life', was filmed in various parts of Amsterdam. Fourteen of those had their own district council (deelraad), elected by a popular vote. Found within the province of North Holland, Amsterdam is colloquially referred to as the "Venice of the North", attributed by the large number of canals which form a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Although many small offices remain along the historic canals, centrally based companies have increasingly relocated outside Amsterdam's city centre. This ranges from Delftware to giant doll-houses from the 17th century.  As of 2014[update], Schiphol was the fifth busiest airport in the world measured by international passenger numbers. In the summertime, there are several big outdoor dance parties in or nearby Amsterdam, such as Awakenings, Dance Valley, Mystery Land, Loveland, A Day at the Park, Welcome to the Future, and Valtifest. A major turning point in the development of the Amstel river mouth is the All Saint's Flood of 1170.  The proportion of the population of immigrant origin in the city proper is about 50% and 88% of the population are Dutch citizens. Interchanges on the A10 allow cars to enter the city by transferring to one of the 18 city roads, numbered S101 through to S118. To the southeast of the square are several large houses, one of which contains the American consulate. Therefore, it was governed by the central municipal council. They range from large and modern to small and cosy. Other non-Dutch companies have chosen to settle in communities surrounding Amsterdam since they allow freehold property ownership, whereas Amsterdam retains ground rent. Last came the city's official motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig ("Heroic, Determined, Merciful"), bestowed on the city in 1947 by Queen Wilhelmina, in recognition of the city's bravery during the Second World War. At the peak of the demolition, the Nieuwmarktrellen (Nieuwmarkt Riots) broke out; the rioters expressed their fury about the demolition caused by the restructuring of the city. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. All-populations.com used data from the number of the population from official sources. Cloudy and damp days are common during the cooler months of October through March.  One of the most striking buildings designed by Hendrick de Keyser is the Westerkerk.  Islam is now the largest non-Christian religion in Amsterdam. Moreover, the river had grown from an insignificant peat stream into a junction of international waterways. A comparative study of nine neighbourhoods undergoing physical and social economic regeneration", "Gentrification in Amsterdam: Assessing the Importance of Context", "Amsterdam is expanding, mainly due to immigration", "Amsterdam's population poised to beat 60-year-old record", "CBS StatLine – Bevolking; leeftijd, herkomstgroepering, geslacht en regio, 1 januari", "Half of young big-city dwellers have non-western background", "Bevolking naar herkomstgroepering, 1 January 2001–2006", "Wit is de 'nieuwe minderheid' in grote steden", "Bureau of Onderzoek en Statistiek: 'Geloven in Amsterdam, "Kerkelijke gezindte en kerkbezoek naar gemeenten 2010–2015", "The Architectural Origins of the Great Early Modern Urban Synagogue", "In Anne Frank's childhood neighborhood, the buildings do not forget", "New cultural quarter resurrects Amsterdam's Jewish past", "XIIIb: the apostolic letters of the most holy Lord Pius IX, by Divine Providence, pope, by which letters the episcopal hierarchy was re-established in Holland", "Valuing flexible citizenship: producing Surinamese Hindu citizens at a primary school in The Hague", "Half a century of Islamic education in Dutch schools", "Ghanaian churches in the Netherlands: Religion mediating a tense relationship", "Inwoneraantal Amsterdam blijft groeien – Gemeente Amsterdam", "Van Niftrik's plan at the Amsterdam City Archives", "Amsterdamse renaissance in de stijl van Hendrick de Keyser", "PC Hooftstraat World's Third Nicest Shopping Street", "Photographers Inez van Lamsweerde and Vinoodh Matadin's best shot", "Schouwburg | theatre, Amsterdam, Netherlands", "History of the Rijksmuseum – Organisation", "Feestelijke opening ijsbaan Museumplein", "Total number of visitors of the Rijksmuseum in the Netherlands in 2014 to 2017 (in millions)", "Historic number of visitors since the opening of Van Gogh Museum", "Amsterdams Lijflied: Stadsbewoners leven als oude wolven – AMSTERDAMS LIJFLIED – PAROOL", "ADE vorig jaar het best bezochte festival van Nederland", "FIG allocates 2023 World Gymnaestrada to Amsterdam", https://nos.nl/artikel/2193622-zieke-amsterdamse-burgemeester-van-der-laan-legt-werk-neer.html/, "Dienst onderzoek & statistiek Amsterdam", "Stadsregio Amsterdam: English Information", "Grondwet voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden", "Parkeren + Reizen (P+R) Amsterdam – I amsterdam", "Autosnelweg.nl – Geschiedenis Autosnelwegen in Nederland", "Ruim 10.000 parkeerplaatsen verdwijnen voor 2025", "Train to Amsterdam – London to Amsterdam – Eurostar", "Eurostar undertakes detailed planning for London – Amsterdam service", "easyJet to open Amsterdam Base in Spring 2015", "Core Numbers in Graphics: Fewer Bicycle Thefts", "The Dutch Prize Their Pedal Power, but a Sea of Bikes Swamps Their Capital", List of cities in the Netherlands by province, Institutional seats of the European Union, Krylatskoye Sports Complex Cycling Circuit, Stone Mountain Park Archery Center and Velodrome, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amsterdam&oldid=1000270407, Populated places established in the 13th century, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Dutch-language sources (nl), Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with disputed statements from February 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles needing additional references from October 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2008, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: Bureau Monumentenzorg en Archeologie (1300).  Amsterdam's population hit an all-time high of 872,000 in 1959, before declining in the following decades due to government-sponsored suburbanisation to so-called groeikernen (growth centres) such as Purmerend and Almere. Since the 1983 constitutional revision, the constitution mentions "Amsterdam" and "capital" in chapter 2, article 32: The king's confirmation by oath and his coronation take place in "the capital Amsterdam" ("de hoofdstad Amsterdam").  with the survey determining London, Paris, Frankfurt and Barcelona as the four European cities surpassing Amsterdam in this regard. The Stadsschouwburg at the Leidseplein is the home base of Toneelgroep Amsterdam.  Though much larger in area, the population of this area is only slightly larger, because the definition excludes the relatively populous municipality of Zaanstad. This side arm took the name from the eponymous land: Amstel. These characteristics are arguably responsible for attracting millions of Amsterdam's visitors annually. Aside from paintings, the collection consists of a large variety of decorative art. The Reguliersdwarsstraat is the main street for the LGBT community and nightlife. The Museumplein with the city's major museums, the Vondelpark, a 19th-century park named after the Dutch writer Joost van den Vondel, and the Plantage neighbourhood, with the zoo, are also located outside the Grachtengordel.  This was all the more remarkable as Amsterdam was neither the capital city nor the seat of government of the Dutch Republic, which itself was a much smaller state than England, France or the Ottoman Empire. Amsterdam’s urban development, its explosive growth and how this changed the city can be seen in the Amsterdam Museum , which documents the city’s history, as well as in the Grachtenhuis museum . Amsterdam is located in the Western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland, the capital of which is not Amsterdam, but rather Haarlem. Jews often fled the pogroms in those areas. Amsterdam holds two American football franchises: the Amsterdam Crusaders and the Amsterdam Panthers. Many famous international artists have performed there.  The Jews came to call the town Jerusalem of the West. The largest group of non-European visitors come from the United States, accounting for 14% of the total.  Buildings in this neighbourhood fell into disrepair after the Second World War, and a large section of the neighbourhood was demolished during the construction of the subway. While winters are cool and summers warm, temperatures vary year by year. The architect of the gothic revival building was P.J.H.  The number of visitors has been growing steadily over the past decade. Amsterdam, the country's largest city, had a Jewish population of about 75,000, which increased to over 79,000 in 1941. This has been recorded in a document as early as 1085. Consequently, the Zuidas (English: South Axis) has become the new financial and legal hub of Amsterdam, with the country's five largest law firms and several subsidiaries of large consulting firms, such as Boston Consulting Group and Accenture, as well as the World Trade Centre (Amsterdam) located in the Zuidas district. Throughout the 18th century, Amsterdam was heavily influenced by French culture. Even though the Netherlands remained neutral in this war, Amsterdam suffered a food shortage, and heating fuel became scarce. 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The square itself is the most prominent site in Amsterdam for festivals and outdoor concerts, especially in the summer. , This changed when, during the Dutch Revolt, many people from the Southern Netherlands fled to the North, especially after Antwerp fell to Spanish forces in 1585. Further plans were to build a new highway above the metro to connect Amsterdam Centraal and the city centre with other parts of the city. The houses in the vicinity of the Museum Square in Amsterdam Oud-Zuid are an example of Jugendstil. The current appearance of the square was realised in 1999, when the square was remodelled. Sloten, annexed in 1921 by the municipality of Amsterdam, is the oldest part of the city, dating to the 9th century. These brown cafés mostly offer a wide range of local and international artisanal beers. The A3 to Rotterdam was cancelled in 1970 in order to conserve the Groene Hart. Fashion models like Yfke Sturm, Doutzen Kroes and Kim Noorda started their careers in Amsterdam. Amsterdam's main attractions include its historic canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, the Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, the Concertgebouw, the Anne Frank House, the Scheepvaartmuseum, the Amsterdam Museum, the Heineken Experience, the Royal Palace of Amsterdam, Natura Artis Magistra, Hortus Botanicus Amsterdam, NEMO, the red-light district and many cannabis coffee shops. Schools for foreign nationals in Amsterdam include the Amsterdam International Community School, British School of Amsterdam, Albert Einstein International School Amsterdam, Lycée Vincent van Gogh La Haye-Amsterdam primary campus (French school), International School of Amsterdam, and the Japanese School of Amsterdam. , Following Sarphati, civil engineers Jacobus van Niftrik and Jan Kalff designed an entire ring of 19th-century neighbourhoods surrounding the city's centre, with the city preserving the ownership of all land outside the 17th-century limit, thus firmly controlling development. However, the area around what later became Amsterdam - along the prehistoric IJ - had been settled almost three millennia ago. Beyond the Grachtengordel are the former working-class areas of Jordaan and de Pijp. Find more information about the city’s people, history, society and cultural life. Radio Netherlands, heard worldwide via shortwave radio since the 1920s, is also based there.  Although Schiphol is internationally known as Amsterdam Schiphol Airport it actually lies in the neighbouring municipality of Haarlemmermeer, southwest of the city. The municipal council of Amsterdam voted to maintain the borough system by replacing the district councils with smaller, but still directly elected district committees (bestuurscommissies). Hilversum is the principal centre for radio and television broadcasting in the Netherlands. Amsterdam's prosperity declined during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Amsterdam has three main theatre buildings. ; the Netherlands 2020 population is estimated at 17,134,872 people at mid year according to UN data.  Between 1970 and 1980, Amsterdam experienced its sharp population decline, peaking at a net loss of 25,000 people in 1973. Amsterdam was intended in 1932 to be the hub, a kind of Kilometre Zero, of the highway system of the Netherlands, with freeways numbered One to Eight planned to originate from the city. Most are accessible by cyclists. Most secondary schools in Amsterdam offer a variety of different levels of education in the same school. With a 2020 population of 17,678, it is the 48th largest city in New York and the 2035th largest city in the United States. It was created in the last quarter of the 19th century on the grounds of the former World's fair. While Amsterdam was under the influence of German music in the 19th century there were few national opera productions; the Hollandse Opera of Amsterdam was built in 1888 for the specific purpose of promoting Dutch opera. Twitter. As society was changing,[clarification needed] politicians and other influential figures made plans to redesign large parts of it. Map. In contrast to those other metropolises, Amsterdam was also surrounded by large towns such as Leiden (about 67,000), Rotterdam (45,000), Haarlem (38,000), and Utrecht (30,000). De Wallen, also known as Walletjes or Rosse Buurt, is a designated area for legalised prostitution and is Amsterdam's largest and best-known red-light district. Amsterdam is one of the most bicycle-friendly large cities in the world and is a centre of bicycle culture with good facilities for cyclists such as bike paths and bike racks, and several guarded bike storage garages (fietsenstalling) which can be used. Only one in three inhabitants under 15 is an autochtoon, or a person who has two parents of Dutch origin. How is the population of Amsterdam distributed by race? Amsterdam has its garment centre in the World Fashion Center. Jews from the Iberian Peninsula, Huguenots from France, prosperous merchants and printers from Flanders, and economic and religious refugees from the Spanish-controlled parts of the Low Countries found safety in Amsterdam. Since 1999, the city of Amsterdam honours the best sportsmen and women at the Amsterdam Sports Awards. The one-stop-shop service for newcomers in the Amsterdam Area. In May 2010, under a major reform, the number of Amsterdam boroughs was reduced to eight: Amsterdam-Centrum covering the city centre including the canal belt, Amsterdam-Noord consisting of the neighbourhoods north of the IJ lake, Amsterdam-Oost in the east, Amsterdam-Zuid in the south, Amsterdam-West in the west, Amsterdam Nieuw-West in the far west, Amsterdam Zuidoost in the southeast, and Westpoort covering the Port of Amsterdam area. Population: 16,318,199 (July 2004 est.) The main reasons for the uprising were the imposition of new taxes, the tenth penny, and the religious persecution of Protestants by the newly introduced Inquisition.  The first ballet performances in the Netherlands were given in Schouwburg in 1642 with the Ballet of the Five Senses. In the Zuid borough, is the Beatrixpark, named after Queen Beatrix. As of 2018, 5.32% of Amsterdam, NY residents were born outside of the country (954 people). Please check your download folder. , In 2000, Christians formed the largest religious group in the city (18% of the population). In the 21st century, this has reduced to about 5000. Amsterdam has a population of 813,562 within the city proper, 1,112,165 in the urban region and 1,575,263 in the greater metropolitan area. In the 19th century, especially after the jubilee of 1845, the devotion was revitalised and became an important national point of reference for Dutch Catholics. CSV. Another notable Amsterdam song is "Amsterdam" by Jacques Brel (1964). It drew more than 5 million international visitors in 2014.  The local government sponsors carsharing and carpooling initiatives such as Autodelen and Meerijden.nu. Amsterdam had its own version of the style, which was called the Amsterdamse School. The housing market is heavily regulated. Note : Use the time-slider beneath the chart to see data from different 5-year periods. This neighbourhood has become a famous attraction for tourists. The full collection was reopened to the public on 13 April 2013 and the Rijksmuseum has remained the most visited museum in Amsterdam with 2.2 million visitors in 2016 and 2.16 million in 2017.. Table 4-2: Share of foreign Dutch nationals in student population of Amsterdam HEIs ..... 98 Table 4-3: Participation rates of non-Western minorities at Hogeschool INHolland, 2004-2008 98 It offers previews of many different artists, such as musicians and poets, who perform on podia.. Amsterdam on our top lists: #27 on the list of "Top 101 cities with the most people taking a taxi to work (population 5,000+)" #48 on the list of "Top 101 cities with the largest percentage of people in hospitals or wards for drug/alcohol abuse (population 1,000+)" The Amsterdam canal system is the result of conscious city planning. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Netherlands had a population of 11.4 million people. A few of Amsterdam's notable residents throughout history include: painters Rembrandt and Van Gogh, the diarist Anne Frank, and philosopher Baruch Spinoza. Some Amsterdam citizens sheltered Jews, thereby exposing themselves and their families to a high risk of being imprisoned or sent to concentration camps. The Netherlands is the 64th most populated country in the world, and as of March 21, 2016, it has a population of 17,000,000.  A metro started operating in 1977 between the new suburb of Bijlmermeer in the city's Zuidoost (southeast) exclave and the centre of Amsterdam. Most historic buildings in the city centre and nearby are houses, such as the famous merchants' houses lining the canals. Boxer Raymond Joval and field hockey midfielder Carole Thate were the first to receive the awards, in 1999. of the …  The annual Uitmarkt is a three-day cultural event at the start of the cultural season in late August. In 1300, Amsterdam's population was around 1,000 people.  The artist most associated with Amsterdam is Rembrandt, whose work, and the work of his pupils, is displayed in the Rijksmuseum. Amsterdam is home of the Eredivisie football club AFC Ajax.  By 1600, its population was around 50,000. Amsterdam hosted the World Gymnaestrada in 1991 and will do so again in 2023. These buildings were built according to the principles of the architect Hendrick de Keyser. Amsterdam Gay Pride is a yearly local LGBT parade of boats in Amsterdam's canals, held on the first Saturday in August. Other institutions for higher education include an art school – Gerrit Rietveld Academie, a university of applied sciences – the Hogeschool van Amsterdam, and the Amsterdamse Hogeschool voor de Kunsten. However, the later establishment of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815 marked a turning point. Facebook. Many schools, however, are based on religion. Between 1900 and 1950 the population doubled from 5.1 to 10.0 million people. Amestelle was inhabited by farmers, who lived more inland and more upstream, where the land was not as wet as at the banks of the downstream river mouth. Just twenty percent of them survived the Shoah. The metro area population of Amsterdam in 2018 was 1,132,000, a 0.8% increase from … Fashion photographers Inez van Lamsweerde and Vinoodh Matadin were born in Amsterdam. In response, the Dutch Communist Party organised the February strike attended by 300,000 people to protest against the raids. Located adjacent to it, is the Bimhuis, a concert hall for improvised and Jazz music. , As they became established in the city, other Christian denominations used converted Catholic chapels to conduct their own services. , As with all Dutch municipalities, Amsterdam is governed by a directly elected municipal council, a municipal executive board and a government appointed mayor (burgemeester). Due to its geographical location in what used to be wet peatland, Amsterdam proper is presumed to be much younger than Dutch cities like Nijmegen and Utrecht (both having a Roman origin). Last official estimated population of Amsterdam city (Montgomery County**, New York state) was 18,135 (year 2014) .This was 0.006% of total US population and 0.09% of total New York state population. The Netherlands has a tradition of cabaret or kleinkunst, which combines music, storytelling, commentary, theatre and comedy. Amsterdam is found in the province of North Holland in the western part of the country. The oldest area of the town is known as De Wallen (English: "The Quays"). The namesake of the city as the site of the original dam, Dam Square, is the main city square and has the Royal Palace and National Monument. There is one rugby club in Amsterdam, which also hosts sports training classes such as RTC (Rugby Talenten Centrum or Rugby Talent Centre) and the National Rugby stadium. The main aim of the plan, however, was to improve public health. Amsterdam is diverse on every level. Information about tourism, culture, going out, hotels, and opportunities in the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area for businesses, students and international newcomers. The average number of guests per year staying at the four campsites around the city range from 12,000 to 65,000.. Amsterdam contains many other museums throughout the city.  It includes the municipalities of Zaanstad, Wormerland, Oostzaan, Diemen and Amstelveen only, as well as the municipality of Amsterdam. In 2010, the number of Amsterdam boroughs reached fifteen. Together with Eindhoven (Brainport) and Rotterdam (Seaport), Amsterdam (Airport) forms the foundation of the Dutch economy. Capital and largest city of the Netherlands, Capital city and municipality in North Holland, Netherlands, Capitals of European states and territories, After Athens in 1888 and Florence in 1986, Amsterdam was in 1986 chosen as the. Because of the war and other events of the 20th century, almost the entire city centre had fallen into disrepair. AFAS Live (formerly known as the Heineken Music Hall) is a concert hall located near the Johan Cruyff Arena (known as the Amsterdam Arena until 2018).  Being Calvinists, the Huguenots soon integrated into the Dutch Reformed Church, though often retaining their own congregations. The 17th century is considered Amsterdam's Golden Age, during which it became the wealthiest city in the western world. Amsterdam has the biggest cruise port in the Netherlands with more than 150 cruise ships every year. This used to be primarily Roman Catholicism and various Protestant denominations, but with the influx of Muslim immigrants, there has been a rise in the number of Islamic schools. These new neighbourhoods were built to relieve the city's shortage of living space and give people affordable houses with modern conveniences.  The outbreak of the Second World War and shifting priorities led to the current situation, where only roads A1, A2, and A4 originate from Amsterdam according to the original plan. More than 10,000 of these were foreign Jews who had found refuge in Amsterdam in the 1930s. Other shopping areas include the Negen Straatjes and Haarlemmerdijk and Haarlemmerstraat. , Amsterdam is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe, receiving more than 5.34 million international visitors annually, this is excluding the 16 million day-trippers visiting the city every year.
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