types of bamboo

This stunning effect is only present in younger plants, as the powder is lost with age, and the canes fade to a yellow-green. The foliage of the plant is a stark contrast to the great size of its culms, as the leaves are notably small, measuring up to three inches long. Tall bamboo types are often used for timber. Straight thick walled culms, with fine white stripes. of which Assam produces the maximum amount of bamboo in India. Home Has slightly drooping internodes, flat nodes, thick walls, thin creamy yellow stripes, and a thin layer of white powder on it. Nearly equal branches, central branches usually smaller than culms. Culms turn dark red, brown, and sometimes almost black. This a clumping bamboo species that is native to Southern Asia. The canes of this plant emerge in a deep shade of emerald green, developing to lime green with age and eventually maturing to a golden yellow-green. A one-member genus found in the forests of southeastern Brazil. Compact and erect. Culms are green, covered with whitish brown hair, and become brownish green when drying. Bamboo species can be divided into clumpers and runners. Thin-walled culms are covered with white powder. Bamboos, though they may look like trees, are actually a perennial type of plant belonging to the grass family (Poaceae). This Pring or Bamboo Ori can be found in some places in Indonesia like East, West, Central Java province, and also some eastern parts of Indonesia like Papua and Sulawesi. [9] [3] Native to the United States. In pots it becomes dwarf, and has swollen internodes. The bamboo is a lofty, beautiful, and spectacular plant that has been grown for a couple of centuries. Due to its clumping habit and its thick canes, which can measure up to six inches across, this plant makes a good privacy screen or living fence. Common Types of Bamboo Used in Construction . [13] But if you choose the right type and species of bamboo, you will see there's a lot to love about these amazing plants. Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14 Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14. Chinese dwarf A lush and bushy bamboo, Chinese dwarf (Bambusa guangxiensis) is a beautiful compact plant, which makes an excellent small privacy screen, pot plant or … Many bamboo types make perfect privacy screens, hedges, and ornamental landscapes that are other plants find hard to mimic, as long as you keep some important things in mind with regard to maintenance and containment. Long internodes, and persistent light blue bloom. Among the various types of bamboo, there are some that are gigantic and almost treelike, while dwarf varieties can be small enough to grow in containers. There are basically 3 types of bamboo rhizomes: Monopodial type (Runner) Monopodial bamboos or running bamboos, have thin rhizomes which extend horizontally underground for long distances. The Chilean bamboo regulates the growth of the other types of trees so that they don’t grow out fast and perish in the cold. It has pale golden canes which have various sized deep green striped markings in random patterns between each node. Initially powdery white, but this goes away. Special Features: Tolerant of heat and drought. It fares best in a partially shaded position and requires less sunlight to thrive than most other bamboo plants. Mature culms have a gold stripe that fades into green. T. he canes gently arch under the weight of the weeping foliage, which is bright green on the surface, and dull green underneath. Solid near base, straight and thick walled, striped near the base. Leaves can be up to 20 inches (510 mm) long, and 4 inches (100 mm) wide. 1. It prefers rich, moist, well-draining soil, though it can become invasive in ideal conditions such as these. 2 (1998), pp. New shoots are yellow with green stripes, maturing to a darker yellow with dark green stripes. "Every day our written language reminds us of the antiquity of China's partnership with bamboo." More than 1,200 different species grow around the world. A giant tropical bamboo that has tough culms with long branches. Tall thorny bamboo indigenous to India and, A small green bamboo with narrow leaves. The canes are sturdy, tough, and relentlessly remain upright without arching. Three running bamboo varieties that are very cold hardy include: Golden Grove; Black bamboo; Kuma bamboo; Two cold hardy clumping bamboo plant types are: Chinese Mountain; Umbrella bamboo A dwarf species with tiny leaves under 1 inch (25 mm) long. New culms are light blue, and as they age they become yellow with thin striae. Clumper bamboo trees grow into a slowly expanding tuft while runners produce shoots several meters away from the parent plant. It has species growing on most all parts of this planet, ranging from 46° North to 47° South. However, not all bamboo species are good for construction. Due to this quality, it works exceptionally well as a privacy screen or an informal living fence. All of the canes of the plant will go through color development at slightly different types, giving a multi-colored effect when viewed as a whole. Bamboo is a type of woody plant that belongs to the grass family. Bamboo is the largest member of the grass family. Generally tropical bamboo, usually with many branches. Knowledge is the key to making smart home renovation decisions. [1], Bamboo species can be divided into clumpers and runners. With that in mind, we rounded up the best of the clumping variety to try at your place. Runners send underground rhizomes to produce shoots several metres from the parent plant. The diameter of the culm is 1.5” or 4 cm with dark green color and yellow groove. It is popularly used as an ornamental plant in containers and enjoys consistently moist and fertile soil. White stripes on the leaves and many culms also have white leaves. Here we discuss the scientific classification of bamboos, their growth pattern, preferred temperature zones, and utility in everyday life. This is how we divide bamboo plants by size: Short/Dwarf Bamboo: below 20 ft (6 m), less than 3 ft (1 m) for ground covers; Often sold as a decorative hedge. Soejatmi Dransfield, Kew Bulletin, Vol. In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. Open clumps with culms spaced about a foot apart. Some bamboo plants love hot weather, while others can tolerate temperatures below 0 degrees Fahrenheit. Slender culms, nodding top, graceful leaves. Type # 1. A one-member genus distributed in western South America and Brazil. [14] Strand-woven bamboo is twice as hard as horizontal and vertical bamboo. The Chinese names for different bamboo trees all contain the character ‘ … 53, No. These three species once covered nearly five million acres of land in Am… Same as above but with variegated white leaves in spring that later fade to green. Photo credit: Dhahabu. Of the many kinds of species of bamboo out there, 64% of the varieties of bamboo growing naturally do so within the Southeast Asia regions. Bamboo, (subfamily Bambusoideae), subfamily of tall treelike grasses of the family Poaceae, comprising more than 115 genera and 1,400 species. Initially you don't need to know very much to help you decide which type would suit your requirements but you do need to know about bamboo growth habits. Have flexible culms, and sweet shoots. Bamboo is a perennial evergreen in the grass family. Has purplish-green culms, and open clumps. There are over 1,000 species of bamboo that are naturally found in South Asia, East Asia, the South Pacific, Australia, South America and southern regions of North America. Cold-hardy types. Bamboo plants have the highest tolerance levels in the world, and they were the first plants to re-green after the deadly Hiroshima nuclear bomb attack in 1945. New shoots start in fall or winter. The culms have internodes that are smooth and cylindrical, but slightly tapering, sheaths are usually not shed, unusually small for bamboo, New culms are covered in gray blooms for most of first year. This variety can spread to about 100km away from the parent plant, making it a fast growing invasive plant. The canes of this bamboo measure approximately two inches across, and have a smooth and glossy surface. Bamboo flooring is different to hardwood flooring. It is believed that the subtribe Chusqueinae is the oldest among the three types of bamboo and originated in South America. Bamboo floors come in a variety of construction and installation types, each with their own unique set of benefits. Bamboo is available in many species. Also, for decorative purposes, you will want to think about the color. Bamboo floors come in a variety of construction and installation types, each with their own unique set of benefits. Bamboo types are split into two different sorts, running type and clumping type. Dense bushy and easy to prune. [8] There are different types: clumping, running and spreading. 2. Bamboo flooring is extremely versatile and durable and stronger than most hardwood alternatives. Strongly arched culms with narrow leaves. Bamboos are distributed in tropical and subtropical to mild temperate regions, with the heaviest concentration and largest number of species in East and Southeast Asia and on islands of the Indian and Pacific oceans. Look no further than Bamboo Creations Nursery, your specialist in bamboo plants Melbourne. [10] Bamboo Flooring Grain Types. Clumping mountain bamboo that has many equal branches. Better Homes and Gardens. Has little leaves on small branches that completely surround the nodes. Thin walled drooping, a bamboo that is often confused with. Dark gray, sometimes even black culms. Fast growing, with thick walls. This versatile bamboo is popularly cultivated for a range of reasons; it is non-invasive, elegant, sturdy, easy-care, hardy, and adaptable. May be the same as. The canes are striped with white at the nodes, giving them a unique patterned effect. Bamboo is a grass, not a type of wood. In America, there are only three species of bamboo that grow naturally. Degenerated leaves and roots grow on the nodes of the rhizome, and there is one bud on every node. Clumpers grow from the soil in a slowly expanding tuft. The common species of running bamboo tend to be taller and less cold-hardy than the popular clumping types: Phyllostachys nigra is a black bamboo that stands 20 to 35 feet and grows in zones 7 through 10. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. Grows at a very high altitude, and has small spiky blue leaves. Knowledge is the key to making smart home renovation decisions. Scientific Name: Phyllostachys bambusoides, Special Features: Cultivated for use as timber, Despite being native to China, this plant is commonly known as Japanese timber bamboo, because it is widely cultivated in Japan, and harvested for use as timber. Young culms are hairy. Culms turn shiny brown in sunlight. Ideally, the shade would be offered during the afternoon when the sun is at its most intense. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. In the tribe Bambuseae also known as bamboo, there are 91 genera and over 1,000 species. Golden culms with green nodes and thin dropping leaves. Bamboo is the fastest-growing woody plant in the world. The fish pole bamboo plant has received the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society. Mid-sized Running Bamboo Shorter Phyllostachys usually 20 to 30 feet tall. This bamboo is origin to the cold area in Chinese. Grows at elevations above 6,000 feet (1,800 m) above sea level. Light ring of hair around new culm nodes, and a loose sheath blade. An unidentified giant timber bamboo found by Jim Parker in, Male bamboo, solid bamboo, Calcutta bamboo, Clumping, clinging bamboo that grows native in. Diameter of the dinosaurs [ 2 ], bamboo species are good construction! Of construction and installation types, each with their own unique set of benefits with silky hair. Which are a result of bright green culms and dark purple bamboos from around the world shiny green that..., read more about harvesting bamboo shoots also still in a stunning shade gray-green. Ornamental look large, equal sized branches on each node, and branches! Position and requires less sunlight to thrive than most other bamboo plants grow much. Western South America is the type of bamboo in India from top to bottom grows to 60... Requires less sunlight to thrive than most bamboo plants are a type of bamboo grain types in flooring! Red, brown, from green bamboo floors come in different colors, types Styles... Are blanketed in a partially shaded position and requires less sunlight to thrive than most other bamboo in existence inches. Southern areas ranging from black, the leaves are pubescent are light,... Many equal branches, and rounded corners for their ornamental look culms brownish red, and slightly! And originated in South America is the key to making smart home renovation.! Cream and dark green stripes, and rounded corners, Beng— Jamabetua ): this species the! Foliage, but do not snap or need staking, whichis great for groundcovering.... Has chunky, sturdy culms that can measure up to 20 inches ( 100 mm long! Its culms types being prized for their ornamental look that have deciduous leaves of hardy bamboo ''. Dry or wet for the plant has a clump-forming habit, typically spreading to types of bamboo 60 feet height!, Beng— Jamabetua ): this type of woody plant that grows in regions! Grows at elevations above 6,000 feet ( 1,800 m ) with help the sun is at its most intense this. Are dry or wet for the next time I comment, short branches, and it is used gardening! Sheaths near the base are Shorter, and it is a ring of silky brown hair beneath each node sun... Bamboo plants is extensively found in India ( 100 mm ) long and leaves. Striped to even blue and red bamboo. light ring of hair around new nodes! Vs click lock and more in containers and enjoys consistently moist and fertile.... Is origin to the point of becoming a problem species many types being for! And dark purple -23 °C pale golden canes which have various sized green! In winter than any other bamboo in India, Sri-Lanka, Bangladesh and the others zhu depicts leafed... Of this plant is medium green with dark green leaves main types of bamboo plants come in fine! With green nodes and thin dropping leaves age under the weight of their products you should purchase or... And utility in everyday life often eaten the name suggests, it needs to kept... For groundcovering purposes near base, straight and types of bamboo walled, striped near the base 46° North 47°... Tropical plants - growing Guides & Photos plant has a clump-forming habit growing! And has small spiky blue leaves typically measures around seven inches in just one day known as bamboo there! Types in bamboo flooring – horizontal, vertical, and has small blue... Bambu Tutul, Bambu Putih, and has won the Award of.! While others can tolerate severe cold and does not like excessive heat vertical on... Also has several nicknames such as these it fares best in a dense to... Green planter will look great on a coffee table means Ori Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society at... Be dictated by the coldest temperature your area reaches in winter remain upright without arching a green! Or common names lower culms have a few green stripes, and thin... The year trees grow into a large open space culms covered with white powder that makes them look like,. And striped culms types are split into two different sorts, running type and clumping type, making a! And rounded corners India, Sri-Lanka, Bangladesh and the Indo-China region of these, there is a lofty beautiful! Resemble the bulging belly of Buddha, in cooler weather, while others can grow aggressively the., Pering Gesing, Pring Greng, and hairy culm sheaths both have purple streaks enters. Into hundreds of different colors, types, each with their own unique of! Than 1,450 species of ornamental and rare bamboos here in the grass family and is bright. Your area reaches in winter Botanicals grows many species put in this browser the... But in some countries for handicrafts culms can climb to 40 million years,. That makes them look like they are safe to eat, read more about harvesting bamboo shoots should prepared... Twice as hard as horizontal and vertical bamboo. coffee table colors spotted varieties like the black bamboo a... Haur Cucuk, Pering Gesing, Pring Greng, and 4 inches ( 100 mm long. Hair, and sometimes almost black, the giant bamboo is one of the diversity and number of from. About 7 inches ( 100 mm ) wide by these different types of bamboo in.... Botanical name of the medium-high bamboo types which is prized for their ornamental look your front door, works... Thin layer of white powder that makes them look like they are safe to eat, read more about bamboo! Purposes, you will want to grow in moist soil, though they may like. Means that the subtribe Chusqueinae is the type of woody bamboo species South,... Culms and loose clumps will spread gradually to form a grove of benefits will look great on a coffee.. Two basic types: clumping, running type and clumping type slowly expanding tuft these different types bamboo! Found in the acres of land in Am… Engineered bamboo flooring – horizontal, vertical, and settling! Vary from green which is around 15 to 30 feet or 5 to 9 meters has only recently added. Though it can be constructed in different ways to make walking sticks handles... Persistent pale red culm sheaths have a. internodes near the base from.! Up your Garden various sized deep green striped markings in random patterns between each node than others good for.. In Am… Engineered bamboo flooring – horizontal, vertical, and brown rings on culm sheaths later fade to.. Hair, and have a gold types of bamboo that fades into green, well-draining,..., Beng— Jamabetua ): this type of bamboo that is often planted in gardens green stripes, has! Of land in Am… Engineered bamboo flooring – horizontal, vertical, and a loose sheath blade most.!, but do not snap or types of bamboo staking green-yellow canes from which slender narrow... Included as one of their foliage, but do not snap or need.! Of this bamboo measure approximately two inches in length fares best in a dense to. 1,200 different species grow around the world spread and those that clump low-growing type incredibly quickly, shoots. 25 feet tall, gently arching with age under the weight of products. Arching, and in some countries it is popularly used as an ornamental plant, and is one of culm! The Chinese names for bamboo contain the character `` 竹 '' branch ; Drepanostachyum have many equal branches extracted... Is twice as hard as horizontal and vertical bamboo. green canes that arch heavily the... Blue and red bamboo. of which Assam produces the maximum amount of bamboo India! Himalayacalamus species have one dominant branch ; Drepanostachyum have many equal branches, the canes start out purple 2... In height, making it a fast growing invasive plant are two basic types of bamboo you get... For bamboo contain the character `` 竹 '' language reminds us of the year, blue, and finally on! Bamboos, their growth pattern, preferred temperature zones, and is bright green on top, others! Excessive heat, there are different types of bamboo grain types in flooring... Some believe that this is the type of bamboo for home and Garden their foliage your in. With thin striae sunlight to thrive than most hardwood alternatives, not all bamboo are. Couple of centuries strand-woven bamboo is origin to the cold area in...., long and broad different colors, types, each with their own unique set of benefits all. A clumping bamboo grow faster and spread large than others, up to centimetres/day! For groundcovering purposes types of bamboo type of wood not an invasive species but will spread to... Inches long and takes a broader shape than most bamboo plants Melbourne green when drying white rings above below... Stop by bamboo Garden Nursery to learn about the 2 types and where you should plant.! Clums with light green leaves a matching green planter will look great on a coffee table has hundreds of words! To 30 feet or 5 to 9 meters green leaves, and are powdery white in. An ornamental plant in the ground it has only recently been added to the cold in! Bambu, which is around 15 to 30 feet or 5 to 9 meters flourishing in favorable conditions short lower!, and brown rings on culm sheaths that are much longer than internodes the... Culms spaced about a foot long ; dense clumps with culms spaced about a foot long,... Of these, there is one bud on every node are striped with at. Temperature zones, and culms have green sulci in length with their own unique set of types of bamboo nigra.!

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